Italian police on Monday arrested Pasquale Condello, one of Italy's most wanted bosses of the southern 'Ndrangheta Mafia, who has been on the run since the 1980s, the ANSA news agency reported.
Condello, 57, was sentenced in absentia to life in prison for the 1989 murder of Ludovico Legato, a former head of the national rail company.
Since then, he has been considered the most important organised crime boss in Calabria, and is on the list of Italy's 30 most wanted criminals.
Dozens of police officers stormed the house in the regional capital Reggio di Calabria where Condello was arrested, ANSA said.
Italian Interior Minister Giuliano Amato called it "a great day for Calabria and the fight against organised crime in Italy".
National anti-mafia prosecutor Pietro Grasso praised the police unit responsible for the arrest, and said it demonstrated that "even the most important bosses on the run will end up in jail".
According to ANSA, Reggio Calabria prosecutor Francesco Mollace said Condello was "one of the last 'Ndrangheta bosses still at large".