Open

Coming up

Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

REPORTERS

Exclusive: an unlikely victim of the 'War on Terror'

Read more

#THE 51%

Sweden: A Feminist's Paradise?

Read more

FRANCE IN FOCUS

Politics: parties under pressure

Read more

FOCUS

In Burma, the rise of radical Buddhism

Read more

ENCORE!

Haute Couture: the hand-stitched clothing made in Paris that sells for the price of small yachts

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

'Caution, another Cast Lead lies ahead'

Read more

BUSINESS DAILY

Rising into the ranks of Haute Couture

Read more

DEBATE

Gaza: How to Stop the Spiral? Israel Readies For Ground Offensive

Read more

DEBATE

Gaza: How to Stop the Spiral? Israel Readies For Ground Offensive (part 2)

Read more

  • Exclusive: an unlikely victim of the 'War on Terror'

    Read more

  • The third-place playoff: the World Cup game no one wants to play

    Read more

  • Suspect in Brussels Jewish Museum shooting drops extradition appeal

    Read more

  • Kurdish forces take over two oilfields in northern Iraq

    Read more

  • Are French high school students getting smarter?

    Read more

  • Italy’s Trentin wins seventh stage of Tour de France

    Read more

  • Disgraced Suarez leaves Liverpool for Barcelona

    Read more

  • In pictures: Chanel, Dior and so much more at the Paris couture shows

    Read more

  • French ‘Civic Service’ eyes massive expansion amid huge demand

    Read more

  • Amazon snubs French free delivery ban with one-cent charge

    Read more

  • In Pictures: Petrol station hit by Hamas rockets

    Read more

  • Manhunt as FIFA partner flees Rio hotel to avoid arrest

    Read more

  • Video: Living in Tel Aviv, under threat of rocket attack

    Read more

  • Video: Palestinians fear full Israeli military offensive in Gaza

    Read more

  • Ukrainian forces close in on Donetsk

    Read more

Iran's elections: what's at stake

©

Latest update : 2008-03-14

Iranian voters head to the polls Friday to elect deputies in an election from which many moderate candidates were barred. The competition now rages between factions within the conservative camp. (D. Belaïd et S. Ghazi /AFP)

Nearly 44 million Iranian voters will head to the polls Friday to elect 290 deputies to their Parliament in elections that could offer pointers about Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s reelection chances in 2009.

 

Analysts are predicting a low voter turnout, as many Iranian voters are expected to stay home rather than cast their ballots due to the lack of choice.

 

Since candidates are vetted by Iran's Council of Guardians - an unelected body of Islamic clerics and jurists - the staunchest critics of the hardline president were disqualified from the race in a pre-vote screening process.

 

Among the 7,600 applications for candidature, the Council of Guardians approved 4,500 candidates based on their loyalty to the Islamic values of the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

 

The odds, it would seem, are stacked heavily in favour of the conservatives, including allies of the president.

 

But Iran, a nation with a predominantly young and relatively well-educated populace, can be unpredictable in its voting preferences, according to Bernard Hourcade, research director of Iranian and Indian affairs at the Paris-based National Centre for Scientific Research, known by its French acronym, CNRS.

 

“There are always surprises in the elections,” says Hourcade. 

 

No parties; just competing groups

 

While conservatives are widely expected to retain their majority in the 290-seat assembly, analysts say that does not necessarily mean they back Ahmadinejad’s foreign and, especially, economic policies.

 

According to Hourcade, there are three groups, each promising a different plan for their country. The favourites to win are the Ahmadinejad loyalists, who “brought out the revolution from within.”  They  are supported by the Bassiji, a network of activists who defend the islamic revolution's idelogy in workplaces and universities.

 

A second group comprises the former guardians of the revolution; its members are now in their 50s. According to Hourcade, this military force numbers around 120,000. Its veterans fought against Iraq and in the Lebanon. “They support the revolution, but they are nationalists first and foremost,” he explains.

 

Hourcade identifies a third group of former combatants who are more open to international issues, although they still want to keep an Islamic regime in Iran. Ari Larijani, former Iranian negotiator for nuclear issues, belongs to this movement. Hourcade further explains, “Teheran mayor Mohamed Baqer Qalibaf, who has been a general for 23 years and was the architect of the ‘Fat ol Mobine’ victory in 1982, is also a member.”

 

As the Commander of Nasr Forces during the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq war, Qalibaf is considered a war hero in Iran.

 

Qalibaf and Larijani were rivals of Ahmadinejad in the 2005 presidential election. Says Hourcade, “They know that Iran is wasting oil revenues. They do not like the Americans, but they know it is necessary to deal with them.  They are for a more rational approach.”

 

Parliament, an influential institution

 

The president of the republic, under the sole authority of supreme leader of the revolution, Ali Khamenei, will lead the way regarding oil, international politics, and nuclear policy.

 

Parliament is not just a formality. They can refuse the nomination of ministers and block legal bills. Its elected body has a freedom of speech unimaginable in the rest of the country.

 

In 2005, President Ahmadinejad imposed sanctions on Chinese- and South Korean-made consumer electronics after those countries failed to support Iran in UN nuclear negotiations as they had promised. "Shopkeepers suffered from the ban and went to see the parliamentary representatives", Fariba Adelkhah, a Paris-based CERI-Sciences Po academic told FRANCE 24. "Within two weeks, the president lifted the ban."

 

Adelkhah said that Iranian voters no longer feel an obligation to come to the polls. Yet she sees the elections as a great moment of sociability, especially for Iranians who live outside the large cities. "Copious amounts of tea are drunk, people put out beautiful carpets," she said. "This is a moment when different groups and generations come together."

Date created : 2008-03-14

Comments

COMMENT(S)