US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice said a defence-shield deal between the USA and Poland would be signed "very soon". After a preliminary agreement was signed, Russia's foreign minister, Sergei Lavrov, cancelled a planned visit to Warsaw.
In what appeared to be a first sign of Moscow's displeasure over US-Polish agreement on an anti-missile system, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov on Thursday canceled a planned trip to Warsaw in September, Polish diplomats said.
Poland agreed in the midst of the Georgia crisis that it would host elements of a US global anti-missile system after Washington agreed to boost Poland's own air defenses.
The move is likely to heighten tension between Russia and the West, already high over Moscow's military action in Georgia. Russia says the US system poses a threat to its security, despite US assurances to the contrary.
The preliminary deal was signed by deputy Polish Foreign Minister Andrzej Kremer and US chief negotiator John Rood. It must be endorsed by both governments and Poland's parliament.
Polish Prime Minister Donald Tusk had insisted the United States provide more military cooperation in return for consent to host 10 interceptor rockets at a base in northern Poland.
Washington says the interceptors and a radar in the Czech Republic will form part of a global shield protecting the United States and its allies from long-range missiles that could in the future be fired by Iran or groups such as al-Qaeda.
"We have crossed the Rubicon," Tusk said just before the deal was signed.
"We have finally got understanding of our point of view that Poland, being a crucial partner in NATO and an important friend and ally of the United States, must also be safe."
Rood described the agreement with Poland as strong. "It elevates our security relationship to a new level," he said.
Washington has agreed to move a battery of Patriot missiles from Germany to Poland as part of the deal, a senior US defense official said in Washington. Around 100 US military personnel would be needed to operate the system, he said.
Russia has also been angered by Poland's strong verbal support for Georgia.
Moscow has threatened to take retaliatory steps against Poland and the Czech Republic, its former reluctant vassals who are now part of the European Union and NATO, for hosting the US system on their territory.
If everything goes to schedule, the interceptor base would be ready by around 2012, officials have said. The Czechs have already signed an agreement to host the radar although parliament there must ratify it.
Tusk said this week that United States had become more receptive to the idea of offering aid to boost Poland's own defenses in the light of Russia's military action in Georgia.
But US officials suggested Polish leaders may have become more interested in concluding negotiations that had dragged on for months after Moscow's actions in Georgia sparked alarm.
The Patriot missiles would provide protection against short-range ballistic missiles such as the SS-21 system used by Russia in Georgia, according to the Missile Defense Advocacy Alliance, a US group that lobbies in favor of missile defense.
"Deploying a United States Strategic asset that protects the national security of the United States in the country of Poland further enhances the security and sovereignty of Poland," the group's president Riki Ellison said.
Polish Foreign Minister Radoslaw Sikorski played down the impact of the events in Georgia on the deal, apparently hoping to soften any criticism from Moscow.
The shield deal, if approved by parliaments in Prague and Warsaw, will be a success for President George W. Bush, whose foreign policy record has been widely criticized.
Date created : 2008-08-15