Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

THE OBSERVERS

A Lebanese prison 'run by Islamists', and children tear-gassed in Kenya

Read more

FOCUS

Pegida, the movement dividing Germany

Read more

ENCORE!

Film Show: 'The Imitation Game', 'Phoenix' and the French Oscars

Read more

#TECH 24

'The Imitation Game': A Tribute to Alan Turing, the Father of Computers

Read more

FACE-OFF

Greek elections: A domino effect in France?

Read more

BUSINESS DAILY

Apple breaks profit record as new iPhone bears fruit

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

'There have never been so many jobseekers in France'

Read more

WEB NEWS

Japan: Online campaign to free journalist held by IS group

Read more

MIDDLE EAST MATTERS

Who is Sajida al-Rishawi, the Iraqi woman IS group wants released?

Read more

Parthenon seismic resistance intrigues Japan

Latest update : 2008-08-23

Japanese scientists have decided to study the ancient Greek temple the Parthenon for its strong earthquake resistance. Greece, along with Japan, is one of the world's most seismically active countries.

Japanese scientists will next month look into seismic resistance secrets in the design of the 2,500-year-old Parthenon which has withstood scores of quakes, a senior Greek archaeologist said on Friday.

 

"The Parthenon had great resilience to earthquakes, as did most classical Greek temples," Maria Ioannidou, the archeologist in charge of conservation on the ancient Acropolis citadel where the Parthenon stands, told AFP.

 

"The ancient Greeks apparently had very good knowledge of quake behaviour and excellent construction quality," she added.

 

Toshikazu Hanazato, a professor of engineering at Japan's Mie University and an expert in post-quake reconstruction, heads the Japanese research team which is visiting Greece next month to study the famed marble temple.

 

Both countries are very seismically active and the Japanese believe there are common elements between ancient Greek temples and their own monuments, Ioannidou said.

 

The Parthenon has sustained significant damage in its long history but most of it was caused by man, not nature.

 

The temple is partly built on solid rock but also has stone foundations going 12 metres (39 feet) deep and its walls were held together by metal joints coated in lead to prevent rust, Ioannidou said.

 

It withstood a 373 BCE quake that destroyed the city of Elike in the Peloponnese and a subsequent 226 BC temblor that toppled the Colossus of Rhodes, the gigantic bronze statue numbered among the Seven Wonders of the ancient world.

 

More recently, a 5.9-Richter earthquake in 1999 that killed 143 people around Athens shifted some of the Parthenon's architectural elements but caused no major damage.

Date created : 2008-08-22

COMMENT(S)