Open

Coming up

Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

IN THE PAPERS

Coverage of the third plane crash in one week - from France, Algeria and Burkina Faso

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

Coverage of the plane crash that took 116 lives - almost half of them French

Read more

DEBATE

Gaza: A Truce At All Costs?

Read more

AFRICA NEWS

Central African Republic: Brazzaville ceasefire talks deliver fragile deal

Read more

FOCUS

Sluggish tourist season in Crimea

Read more

ENCORE!

Bartabas : Mixing Christ with Spanish music and dancing horses

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

Shifts in the propaganda war waged between Israelis and Palestinians

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

French MPs face quandary in pro-Palestinian rallies

Read more

THE INTERVIEW

Yezid Sayigh, Senior Associate at the Carnegie Middle East Center in Beirut

Read more

  • Live: ‘No survivors’ from Algerian plane crash, says Hollande

    Read more

  • Protest against Gaza offensive turns deadly in West Bank

    Read more

  • Wreckage of Algeria plane found in Mali

    Read more

  • Deadly strike on UN shelter in Gaza Strip

    Read more

  • BNP to pay $80 million for defrauding Dept of Agriculture

    Read more

  • Pope meets Christian woman sentenced to death in Sudan

    Read more

  • Air Algérie crash: 'We should eliminate the missile hypothesis'

    Read more

  • Italy’s Nibali cruises to victory in 18th stage of Tour de France

    Read more

  • Iraqi parliament elects moderate Kurd as president

    Read more

  • US, European agencies lift travel restrictions to Tel Aviv

    Read more

  • No end to fighting until Israel ends Gaza blockade, Hamas says

    Read more

  • Two foreign women shot dead in western Afghanistan

    Read more

  • At least 60 killed in attack on prison convoy near Baghdad

    Read more

WTO rules against Europe in beef dispute

Text by REUTERS

Latest update : 2008-12-10

The World Trade Organisation found that the European Union had no right to impose a ban on beef treated with growth hormones. Yet the EU said the end of uncertainty in the area would help it put new protections in place.

The World Trade Organisation's (WTO) top court largely backed the United States and Canada on Thursday in a mixed ruling in an appeal over the European Union's long-standing ban on beef treated with growth hormones. The dispute, dating back to the 1980s, has led to U.S. and Canadian sanctions of $125 million a year on European products from Roquefort cheese to mustard, and has highlighted the power of food safety issues to disrupt trade.

The appeal was over a challenge by Brussels to the right of the United States and Canada to continue applying sanctions against the EU.

U.S. Trade Representative Susan Schwab welcomed the WTO appeal court ruling in a statement, and said it meant there was no need for Washington to remove the sanctions.

"The Appellate Body's report confirms that WTO members that are subject to additional duties for failing to bring themselves into compliance with the WTO's rulings and recommendations must do more than simply claim compliance in order to obtain relief from such duties," she said.

Risk assessment

The European Union said it regretted the appeal court had reversed the original panel's finding that the U.S. and Canadian sanctions broke WTO rules, but added that its overall ruling provided a good basis for finding a solution to the dispute.

"The panel had no sound basis for questioning the WTO-legality of the new EU hormones directive. These clarifications will strengthen WTO members' ability to protect citizens," EU trade spokesman Peter Power said in a statement.

The EU banned beef treated with growth hormones in the 1980s for fear it could cause cancer, and the United States and Canada have applied sanctions since 1999.

In March a WTO dispute panel found that a new risk assessment by the EU in 2003 had failed to justify the ban, which therefore still violated international trade rules.

But the panel also faulted the United States and Canada for deciding to retain sanctions against EU exports without initiating proper legal proceedings at the WTO to establish whether the continuing EU ban did in fact break WTO rules.

Brussels then appealed, arguing that its ban on hormone-treated beef was scientifically sound and therefore legal and that the WTO should have explicitly ordered the United States and Canada to lift their sanctions.

In their appeal, Washington and Ottawa said it was not enough for the EU to argue that its new scientific study had justified the ban for the sanctions to be removed.

The appeal court reversed the original panel's ruling that the United States and Canada had been wrong to act unilaterally by retaining the sanctions.

However, it also faulted the original panel for some of its conclusions on the EU's 2003 risk assessment -- but said it was not able itself to undertake the analysis.

After the initial case, launched nearly 13 years ago, the WTO authorised the United States and Canada to impose sanctions of $116.8 million and C$11.3 million ($9.5 million) a year respectively.

Since 1999 the two countries have imposed punitive 100 percent duties on European products including Roquefort cheese, pork, cucumbers, tomatoes, truffles and mustard.

In 2003 the EU issued a directive drawing on new research that it said found overwhelming evidence the hormone oestradiol 17-beta caused cancer and harmed genes, and substantial evidence that five other hormones could harm human health.

Date created : 2008-10-17

COMMENT(S)