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Middle east

Pig farmers clash with police over controversial cull

Video by Aurore Cloe DUPUIS

Latest update : 2009-05-03

Egypt's mostly Christian pig farmers clashed with riot police after the start of a controversial cull of the country's 250,000 pigs. The World Health Organisation says there is no evidence that the animals are transmitting swine flu to humans.

AFP - Egyptian riot police clashed on Sunday with stone-throwing pig farmers who were trying to prevent their animals from being taken away for slaughter as part of a mass nationwide cull.
   
Between 300 and 400 residents of the hilly Moqattam slum district of Cairo, where mostly Coptic Christian scrap merchants raise pigs, hurled stones and bottles at police.
   
Anti-riot police replied by firing rubber bullets and tear gas to disperse the demonstrators, most of them youths.
   
An AFP correspondent said the protesters ransacked a police post and an officer fired warning shots in the air.
   
Seven policemen were slightly injured, a security official said, while at least eight demonstrators were hurt, according to the correspondent and a medic.
   
One of the injured protestors lay sedated in a neighbourhood hospital bed, with birdshot wounds to his thighs and stomach.
   
At least five protestors were dragged away by, two of them bloodied. A community leader later told pig farmers and rubbish collectors gathered at church in the slum that the arrested men had been released.
   
An ambulance was on stand-by in Moqattam neighbourhood of Manshiyet Nasr, home to about 35,000 scrap and recycling merchants known as the "zabaleen" who raise some 60,000 pigs.
   
"They want to steal our livelihood," protested one of the farmers, Adel Izhak, before police started to take control of the district.
   
Pig farmers and rubbish collectors assembled at the neighbourhood's church, where a priest tried to convince them to surrender the pigs.
   
"What have you accomplished? Violence begets violence. The government has agreed to compensate all of you," Father Samaan, flanked by government representatives, said.
   
"They will give you compensation," he added, in a speech that was often interrupted by angry farmers.
   
Similar troubles broke out in Khanka, north of the capital, security officials said. Police were already repelled from Khanka by stone-throwers on Wednesday after the controversial cull was announced.
   
Egypt began the cull of the nation's 250,000 pigs on Saturday, despite the World Health Organisation saying there was no evidence the animals were transmitting swine flu to humans.
   
The authorities are calling the slaughter a general health measure. No cases of swine flu, or influenza A(H1N1), have been reported in the Egypt, the most populous country in the Arab world.
   
Egypt's pigs mostly belong to and are eaten by members of Egypt's Coptic Christian minority and are reared by rubbish collectors in Cairo's shantytowns. Islam bans the consumption of pork for the majority Muslims.
   
Egyptian animal rights activist Amina Abaza deplored the slaughter of pigs and said the decision to cull them was probably taken only because they belong to the Copts.
   
"They are doing all this although there is not one single case of swine flu in Egypt," Abaza, who is the founder of the first animal rights association in Egypt known as SPARE, said.
   
The rubbish collectors, who used the pigs to dispose of organic waste and sell off some animals from their herds once a year, say the cull will affect their business and wipe out a crucial source of income.
   
Although no cases of swine flu have been reported in Egypt, the country has been battling an outbreak of bird flu for three years.
   
Twenty-six people have died in Egypt from the H5N1 strain of bird flu since it was first identified in early 2006 and the country has seen an increase in cases over the past two months.
   
The authorities have said it will take six months to carry out the pig slaughter and announced plans to import three machines to raise the culling capacity to 3,000 animals a day.
   
According to the government newspaper Al-Ahram, the authorities plan to pay out 100 pounds (14 dollars) for each male animal slaughtered and 250 pounds (35 dollars) for each female pig.

Date created : 2009-05-03

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