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Khmer Rouge tribunal hears first survivor testimony

Video by Florence VILLEMINOT


Latest update : 2009-06-29

Cambodia's Khmer Rouge tribunal heard its first survivor testimony Monday. Van Nath, one of a handful of prisoners to survive the regime's notorious Tuol Sleng prison, gave evidence at the trial of his jailor Duch (pictured).

AFP - Cambodia's Khmer Rouge tribunal Monday heard its first testimony from one of only a handful of people to survive the horrors of the regime's main prison where around 15,000 others died.
Van Nath wept as he told how he was allowed to live only because he was put to work painting propaganda pictures of the communist movement's leader, Pol Pot, and that he was so famished he considered eating human flesh.
The 63-year-old, who is now one of Cambodia's top artists, was giving evidence at the trial of Duch, who is accused of overseeing the torture and extermination of thousands of people who passed through Tuol Sleng jail.
"The conditions were so inhumane and the food was so little," said Van Nath.
Duch, whose real name is Kaing Guek Eav, slumped in his chair and looked on while the artist recounted his arrival at Tuol Sleng, where he was photographed and then shackled with other prisoners.
"There were 20 or 30 of us in each row of shackles. The black clothes we were wearing, we were stripped of those clothes," Van Nath told the court, adding prisoners would rush to eat insects that fell from the ceiling.
"We only had three spoons of gruel for each meal. And the spoon was like a coffee spoon, it was not a normal rice spoon. I lost my dignity... Even with animals they would give enough food," Van Nath said.
"I couldn't think of anything other than being thirsty and hungry... I thought even eating human flesh would be a good thing for me at that moment," he added.
He said that he was arrested and tied up in 1977 by a local official before being taken to the jail, adding: "I asked him, what did I do wrong. He did not know."
Van Nath said prisoners shackled next to him died during his first month at the prison. So weak he needed assistance to stand and walk, he was summoned downstairs and thought his own death was imminent.
"Then I told myself I did not care any longer because I could die any time and I'd rather die than live in such conditions," Van Nath said.
However, a prison official then told him he was needed to paint a large portrait of a figure he did not recognise -- the regime's leader, Pol Pot.
"I knew that if I did not paint very well, I would be in big trouble. I was so nervous," Van Nath said, calling it a "life and death situation."
Earlier in his trial for war crimes and crimes against humanity, Duch begged forgiveness from the victims of the 1975-1979 regime after accepting responsibility for his role in governing the jail.
But the 66-year-old has consistently rejected claims by prosecutors that he had a central role in the Khmer Rouge's iron-fisted rule and says he never personally executed anyone.
The court does not have the authority to impose the death penalty, but Duch faces a life sentence for war crimes, crimes against humanity, torture and premeditated murder.
Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot died in 1998, and many believe the tribunal is the last chance to find justice for victims of the communist regime, which killed up to two million people.
Four other former Khmer Rouge leaders are currently in detention at the court, and are expected to face trial next year.

Date created : 2009-06-29