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Middle East

US envoy Mitchell in Cairo as part of Middle East peace tour

Latest update : 2009-07-27

US Middle East envoy George Mitchell is to hold talks with Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak as part of a wide-reaching Middle-East peace tour with previous stops in Damascus and Tel Aviv.

AFP - US Middle East envoy George Mitchell reached Egypt on the latest leg of a whirlwind regional tour after stops in Israel and Syria earlier on Sunday, as Washington bids to jumpstart stalled peace talks.

Mitchell will meet Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak on Monday, the president's office said, after the US envoy held talks with Syrian President Bashar Assad in Damascus and Israeli Defence Minister Ehud Barak in Tel Aviv.

Washington is committed to a "comprehensive peace in the Middle East and that includes Israel and Palestine, Israel and Syria, Israel and Lebanon and normal relations with all countries in the regions," Defence Minister Ehud Barak's office quoted Mitchell as saying after the two met in Tel Aviv.

Earlier in Damascus the former US senator said that he "just completed a very candid and positive conversation with President Assad."

"I discussed with President Assad the prospects for moving forward on our goals of comprehensive peace in the region and improved bilateral ties between Syria and the United States," he said.

Mitchell's Middle East swing is also scheduled to include a meeting with Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas in Ramallah and talks with Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, likely to focus on US demands that Israel halt settlement activity in the occupied West Bank.

Netanyahu has so far refused to heed the calls and the disagreement has led to a level in tensions not seen in years between the two close allies.

Mitchell's latest trip to the region comes as part of a diplomatic push that will also see Defense Secretary Robert Gates arrive for a one-day visit in Israel on Monday and National Security Advisor James Jones make a three-day trip beginning on Tuesday.

US President Barack Obama is determined to reach a comprehensive peace between Israel and all its Arab neighbours in order to guarantee "stability, security and prosperity" in the region, Mitchell said in Damascus.

"If we are to succeed, we will need Arabs and Israelis alike to work with us to bring about comprehensive peace.

"We will welcome the full cooperation of the government of the Syrian Arab Republic in this historic endeavour."

Obama has moved to re-engage Damascus as part of a bid to breathe new life into the faltering Middle East peace process.

Syria and Israel held four rounds of preliminary negotiations through Turkish mediators last year but Syria broke them off in December amid Israel's deadly offensive against the Gaza Strip.

The new Israeli government of Netanyahu has since rejected Syria's minimum condition for a peace treaty -- the return of the strategic Golan Heights which Israel seized in the 1967 Middle East war and annexed in 1981 in a move never recognised by the international community.

Assad reiterated the Syrian demand in his talks with Mitchell, insisting on "the right of Arabs to recover their occupied land through a just and comprehensive peace based on international resolutions and the principle of land for peace," the official Syrian Arab News Agency said.

The last round of direct peace talks between the two sides broke down in 2000 when Israel baulked at the demand for the return of the whole Golan, right down to the shores of the Sea of Galilee, the Jewish state's main water source.

The flurry of diplomatic activity comes amid mounting friction between Israel and Washington over the US demand for a halt to Jewish settlement activity in the occupied West Bank, including annexed Arab east Jerusalem.

Netanyahu said before the weekly cabinet meeting on Sunday that the US envoys' visits reflect the "strong and broad relationship between Israel and the United States."

But he acknowledged are were also differences.

"Naturally even within this friendly relationship there isn't total agreement on everything and on several issues we are trying to reach that understanding in order for us to be able to promote our common interests of peace, security and stability," he said.

Egypt, which has been mediating between rival Palestinian groups Fatah and Hamas and between Israel and Hamas for a prisoner swap that would release an Israeli soldier held in Gaza, is seen as key to encouraging Israeli-Palestinian peace negotiations.

Egyptian officials have said the talks cannot be expected to fully resume in the absence of a unified Palestinian government.

Date created : 2009-07-27