Kyrgyzstan went to the polls for its first ever parliamentary elections Sunday. The vote represents a new democratic model for the country after years of rule by strongman President Kurmanbek Bakiyev, who was ousted amid unrest last April.
AFP - Kyrgyzstan on Sunday voted in elections for the first parliament with real power in ex-Soviet Central Asia, hoping the polls will bring stability after a year of violence that left hundreds dead.
President Roza Otunbayeva, who came to power in a bloody uprising in April and has championed the new political system, rejected warnings from Russia that the elections risked sparking a resurgence of the violence.
"Today I am calm and I think that the elections will proceed normally, without excesses, because a lot of resources have been invested in them," she told reporters as she cast her vote.
"Today is a historic day for the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The people will choose their fate, their future," she added.
According to the central election commission, 25.33 percent of the electorate had voted by 0700 GMT with polls due to stay open until 1400 GMT. Some 2.8 million of the country's five million population are eligible to vote.
Kyrgyzstan created Central Asia's first parliamentary democracy in a referendum earlier this year after the bloody April revolution, which toppled former president Kurmanbek Bakiyev, and deadly inter-ethnic clashes in June.
The system, which will allow the Zhogorku Kenesh parliament to appoint the government, is a stark contrast to the strongman presidential rule elsewhere in the region where parliaments operate as no more than a rubber stamp.
The only country in the world to host both Russian and US military bases, Kyrgyzstan stands at a strategic location bordering China and close enough to Afghanistan to serve as a crucial supply hub for US forces.
AFP correspondents saw a brisk turnout, with men in the traditional Kyrgyz kalpak felt hat filling polling stations in the capital Bishkek and voters casting their ballots amid the ruins of the inter-ethnic violence in the south.
Around six parties are expected to pass the five percent threshold to win seats in the assembly, meaning that the outcome is set to be anything but simple with intense post-election bartering likely.
A pair of pro-Otunbayeva centre-left parties -- Ata-Meken and the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan (SDPK) -- are expected to figure prominently but not win a majority, according to recent opinion polls.
An upset could come from the Ar-Namys party led by ex-prime minister Felix Kulov, a favourite of the Kremlin who has campaigned under law-and-order slogans and vowed to reinstate the presidential system favoured by Moscow.
Kulov, who on Friday led a spectacular rally on horseback, exuded confidence as he cast his vote in Bishkek. "I am sure that Ar-Namys will win the parliamentary elections, there is no doubt of this," he said.
The virulently nationalist Ata-Zhurt, targeted this week in a mob raid on its offices that saw piles of its campaign literature burned in the street, has also made a strong campaign showing.
But Otunbayeva played down fears that the elections will create a chaotic patchwork of parties in the Zhogorku Kenesh, saying she believed it could form a government "if not at the first then at the second attempt".
Not all Kyrgyz have been won over by Otunbayeva's plans. "I do not get involved in politics," said Asan, 42, who owns a Bishkek meat store. "It's a dirty business and I have no confidence in today's politicians."
The state has for years been the most unstable in the region and Bakiyev, who has taken refuge in Belarus since his ousting, himself came to power on the back of the so-called Tulip Revolution uprising of 2005.
Russian President Dmitry Medvedev has warned the elections could lead to a "catastrophe" in Kyrgyzstan but despite the dire predictions there were no reports of unrest so far.
Clashes between ethnic-majority Kyrgyz and minority Uzbeks left between 400 and 2,000 people dead in the south of the country in June, with Uzbeks claiming they were the victims of targeted bloodletting by the security forces.
In the main southern city of Osh there was an uneasy calm as voters queued outside polling stations which in some cases little more than a room amid the rubble of burned out homes.
"If the main parties... start playing games there could be another conflict, not between Uzbeks and Kyrgyz but a civil conflict," Naman Maminov, 51, an ethnic Uzbek said he voted.
Date created : 2010-10-10