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Middle east

Peace talks at risk after US fails to secure Israeli settlement freeze

Video by Philip CROWTHER

Text by News Wires

Latest update : 2010-12-08

Peace talks were in limbo on Wednesday after the US failed to secure an Israeli agreement on freezing settlement building in the West Bank. The Palestinians have made a new moratorium on construction a precondition for further peace negotiations.

AFP - The Middle East peace process lay in tatters Wednesday after Washington admitted defeat in its efforts to secure an Israeli freeze on settlement building, the Palestinians' condition for resuming talks.
              
Speaking late on Tuesday, US officials admitted top-level efforts to coax Israel into imposing new curbs on West Bank settlement construction had gone nowhere, prompting Palestinian president Mahmud Abbas to declare a crisis in peace efforts but backslapping among Israeli hardliners.
              
Without a new freeze, the Palestinians have refused to negotiate, effectively deadlocking direct peace talks that opened on September 2 only to run into the ground just weeks later when building resumed in the settlements.
              
"We have been pursuing a moratorium as a means to create conditions for a return to meaningful and sustained negotiations," US State Department spokesman Philip Crowley said in New York City.
              
"After a considerable effort, we have concluded that this does not create a firm basis to work towards our shared goal of a framework agreement," Crowley said.
              

Israeli soldiers stand near construction machinery in the Jewish settlement of Adom, close to the Israeli-occupied West Bank city of Ramallah.

Speaking on a visit to Athens, the Western-backed Palestinian leader said: "There is no doubt that there is a crisis."
              
A top Abbas aide said it was Israeli recalcitrance that had torpedoed US efforts to rescue the direct talks.
              
"The policy and the efforts of the US administration failed because of the blow it received from the Israeli government," Yasser Abed Rabbo told Voice of Palestine radio.
              
Israeli and Palestinian officials are now expected to visit Washington next week for separate talks with the US administration on ways to keep the peace process alive, Crowley said.
              
Israeli press reports said that US Middle East envoy George Mitchell would meet separately with Palestinian chief negotiator Saeb Erakat and his Israeli counterpart Yitzhak Molho in the coming days.
              
The United States has for weeks been trying to convince Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to impose a new moratorium on settlement construction in the occupied West Bank.
              
A previous 10-month freeze expired on September 26, shortly after the launch of new peace talks between Israel and the Palestinians -- the first direct negotiations in nearly two years.
              
It now appears the two sides are likely to return to some form of indirect, or "proximity" negotiations similar to those held between May and September, Crowley suggested.
              

A Palestinian farmer from Nazlat Zeid village harvests an olive tree near the Jewish settlement of Shaked, near the city of Jenin.
"We will have further conversations on the substance with the parties, and we will continue to try to find ways to create the kind of confidence that will eventually, we hope, allow them to engage directly," he said.
              
But while the Palestinians expressed dismay at the US announcement, the Israeli right could hardly contain its delight.
              
"Israel has held out and not given in to the Americans' bizarre and extreme demands and the sky has not fallen on our heads," crowed Danny Dayan, head of the Yesha Council of settlers.
              
"Finally, Israel's credibility has been strengthened because it defended its own national interests and everyone who thought we wouldn't stand up to US pressure has been proved wrong," Dayan told Israel's army radio.
              
Most saw the announcement as a blow to US President Barack Obama and a victory for the Israeli premier.
              
The deputy speaker of parliament, Danny Danon, praised Netanyahu for rebuffing US efforts to force Israel into another "damaging and pointless" freeze.
              
He said Obama should realise that "the only way to justify his Nobel Peace Prize was by working closely" with the Israeli leader rather than weakening him.
              
And Netanyahu spokesman Nir Hefetz said the US administration had finally understood that freezing settlement activity was not the way to achieve peace.
              
"We said from the outset that settlements were not the root of the conflict and that it was only a Palestinian excuse for refusing to talk," he told army radio.
              
Direct talks were launched on September 2 after a 20-month hiatus, with Netanyahu and Abbas vowing to seek an agreement within a year and pledging to meet once a fortnight.
              
But that arrangement collapsed three weeks later with the expiry of the 10-month Israeli moratorium on settlement building in the West Bank.

 

Date created : 2010-12-08

  • MIDEAST CONFLICT

    US drops settlement freeze as precondition to peace talks

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  • MIDEAST TALKS

    Abbas urges Israel to prolong settlement moratorium

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  • MIDEAST

    Palestinians reject Israeli conditions for settlement freeze

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