Open

Coming up

Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

DEBATE

If Scotland Says 'Aye': Polls Say Independence Referendum Too Close to Call (part 2)

Read more

MEDIAWATCH

Scottish referendum in the media

Read more

AFRICA NEWS

Homosexuality in Africa: Kenyan movie debuts at Toronto Film Festival

Read more

DEBATE

If Scotland Says 'Aye': Polls Say Indpendence Referendum Too Close to Call

Read more

AFRICA NEWS

Ebola virus: US to send 3,000 troops to West Africa

Read more

THE BUSINESS INTERVIEW

Inger Andersen, Vice President for the Middle East and North Africa, The World Bank

Read more

FOCUS

Scottish referendum: Should I stay or should I go?

Read more

MIDDLE EAST MATTERS

Paris conference: A coalition against the Islamic State group

Read more

ENCORE!

Encore's Film Show: Spies, doppelgangers and gay rights activists

Read more

Africa

Army promise of reform fails to appease protesters

Video by Josh Vardey

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2011-02-15

Egypt’s military government failed to deter strikes and street protests on Monday with promises of swift reform as thousands of workers and activists staged demonstrations across the country, calling for better pay and an end to emergency rule.

Egyptian military officials called on unions and protesters to stop walk-outs and demonstrations Monday, issuing a warning that they would do everything in their power to prevent “chaos and disorder”.

But the message failed to deter pro-democracy activists who poured into Tahrir Square once again, three days after the departure of the country's long-time president, Hosni Mubarak.
 
Thousands of state employees joined in by staging mass strikes across the country, demanding better pay. The military condemned the industrial action, saying it needed calm to implement the necessary reforms before transition to civilian rule.
 
Egypt's ruling Higher Military Council told activists Monday that it hoped to finalise drafting constitutional amendments within ten days and then present them for approval in a popular referendum in two months.
 
On Sunday the military dissolved parliament, suspended the constitution, and pledged to pave the way for free and fair elections.

The army has offered to remain in charge of the country “for a temporary period of six months or until the end of elections to the upper and lower houses of parliament, and presidential elections”.

For now, however, the cabinet  that was assembled by Mubarak last month will continue to send legislation to military leaders who will then decide on what to do with it.

Mubarak's defence minister, Field Marshal Mohammed Hussein Tantawi, is the chairman of the supreme military council and is now the de facto head of state and will represent Egypt in its diplomatic dealings. The military government has also said it would respect its international obligations, including Egypt's peace treaty with Israel.

Protesters plan to maintain pressure

Meanwhile, Egyptian workers have been positioning themselves to push for better deals with the authorities. Though thousands of protesters left Tahrir Square on Sunday following the announcement of a provisional government, many returned Monday. Elsewhere in the country, workers protested at various state-owned institutions, including the stock exchange, textile and steel companies, and the postal and railway service.

The new shape of Egypt's power game

Empowered by their role in driving Mubarak from his 30-year rule, the workers nonetheless face pressure from military authorities for a return to normal. The army said it would ban labour union meetings on Monday, effectively forbidding strikes.


FRANCE 24’s Melissa Bell in Cairo said that protesters think the military government’s action so far – namely, the dissolution of parliament and the suspension of the constitution – is “a step in the right direction, but [doesn't] go far enough”.

They are specifically awaiting action on demands for political prisoners to be liberated and for the state of emergency to be lifted. The army has said that it would comply with the latter demand, but did not say when.

To keep up pressure on the transition government, Bell said, protesters are planning to gather at Tahrir Square every Friday. “A government clampdown will not go down well with protesters who are quite clear that they don’t want to have their revolution taken away from them,” Bell noted.

Date created : 2011-02-14

  • EGYPT

    Military rulers dissolve parliament, suspend constitution

    Read more

  • EGYPT

    Portrait: Egypt's Hosni Mubarak and his 30-year rule

    Read more

  • Egypt after Mubarak

    Read more

COMMENT(S)