The 8.9 magnitude earthquake that struck Japan on Friday afternoon was the country’s most powerful, and the world’s ninth biggest quake ever recorded, according to the US Geological Survey.
AFP - The monster 8.9-magnitude earthquake which hit Japan on Friday was the country's biggest ever and the seventh largest on record, according to US Geological Survey data.
Here are the largest magnitude earthquakes in history, according to the USGS website:
- 9.5, Chile, May 5, 1960. A quake off the coast of southern Chile killed more than 1,600 people and left 2,000,000 homeless.
- 9.2, Alaska, United States, March 27, 1964. A quake and tsunami killed 128 people and caused severe damage to the state's largest city Anchorage.
- 9.1, Indonesia, December 26, 2004. An undersea quake caused a massive tsunami that devastated coastlines in countries around the Indian Ocean, ultimately killing more than 220,000 people.
- 9.0, Russia, November 4, 1952. A quake off the coast of the remote Kamchatka peninsula in Russia's far east caused Pacific-wide tsunamis.
- 9.0, Peru, August 13, 1868. The port of Arica, which is now part of Chile, was hit by a quake felt up to 1,400 kilometres (870 miles) away.
- 9.0, North America, January 26, 1700. A quake affecting 1,000 kilometres of coastline set off a tsunami that crossed the Pacific Ocean and caused damage to coastal villages in Japan.
- 8.9, Japan, March 11, 2011. An undersea quake off northeast Japan unleashed a 10-metre-high tsunami which left devastation in its wake.
In pictures: Japan quake
The carnage in Miyagi prefecture, where authorities believe more that 10,000 may have been killed. (Photo: AFP)
Rescue teams - here in Natori, Miyagi prefecture - are searching for survivors. (Photo: AFP)
Inhabitants of Minamisoma, in Fukushima prefecture, search through the rubble.(Photo : AFP)
A damaged house and road in Sukagawa. (Photo: AFP)
Vehicles crushed by a collapsed wall at a car park in Mito city in Ibaraki prefecture. (Photo ©AFP)
A fire in Natori, after the earthquake. (Photo: AFP)
Hours after the first quake, presenters on Japanese television were still wearing hard hats. (Photo via Twitter)
Vehicles ready to be loaded onto container ships were washed through the town of Hitachinaka by the huge tsunami wave.
A violent 8.9-magnitude earthquake struck the north-eastern coast of Japan on Friday, triggering a tsunami that devastated much of the coastline. (Photo: AFP)
In the city of Fukushima, 80 km away from the nuclear power plants, residents have been stocking up and petrol stations are already running out of supplies. (Photo: AFP)
- 8.8, Ecuador, January 31, 1906. A quake struck off the coast of Ecuador and Colombia and was felt as far away as San Francisco.
- 8.7, Alaska, February 4, 1965. A quake in the remote Rat Islands generated a tsunami reported to be 10 metres high.
- 8.7, Portugal, November 1, 1755. The capital Lisbon was struck by a quake while many residents were in church. A quarter of the city's population perished.
- 8.7, Chile, July 8, 1730. A quake hit the city of Valparaiso, 120 kilometres northwest of the capital Santiago, causing a tsunami which hit more than 1,000 kilometres of coastline.
"WE WATCHED OUR OLD HOUSE SWAYING BACK AND FORTH"
Date created : 2011-03-11