Italy began removing illegal Tunisian migrants from Lampedusa Thursday, following Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi’s announcement that he would clear the southern tourist island of the migrants by the weekend.
AP- Italy shipped more than 2,000 migrants to detention camps on its mainland Thursday, relieving pressure on a tiny island off Sicily which has been overwhelmed by a relentless stream of boats full of illegal arrivals from North African shores.
Lampedusa -a clear-watered fishing and tourist island with a population of 5,000 - ran out of shelters days ago when migrant numbers peaked at over 6,000, forcing many of the Tunisians and others to sleep in the open air on docksides and in fields.
Human rights advocacy group Amnesty International has added its voice to local concern, saying that migrants had been left to fend for themselves in “appalling” conditions. On Thursday, soldiers, ordered in by the national government, joined local sanitation workers in ridding the island of piles of rubbish left by the departing migrants.
Lampedusa special report
There was also concern about the minors among the migrants, which a Save the Children representative on the island, Filippo Ungaro, estimated number about 350. Under international conventions, the minors cannot be deported and should be put into temporary foster homes while asylum paperwork is processed, Ungaro told Sky TG24 TV.
The government, at a Cabinet meeting Thursday, authorized funding for unaccompanied minors so they could be placed in temporary homes.
Premier Silvio Berlusconi, pressured by anti-immigrant coalition allies, promised while touring the island Wednesday that all of the migrants would be either deported to Tunisia or transferred to mainland detention centers within two to three days. Most of the arrivals are Tunisians who fled unrest in their homeland in the hope of finding family members or jobs in France.
Berlusconi said Thursday that Tunisia should have stopped the boats from setting out from its waters and planned to travel Monday to Tunis to raise the issue in person, his office said.
Foreign Minister Franco Frattini has voiced frustration that other European Union countries have done little or nothing to help relieve Rome of the migrant burden.
The illegal arrivals “must be deported either to Tunisia or be spread around to other European countries,” Frattini told an Italian TV news show Thursday. “It’s stunning that there is no solidarity from any of the European countries, including those which many Tunisians would want to reach... France.”
Italian TV has added fuel to his argument by running video footage of Tunisians being sent back from Italy’s border with France, near the Italian seaside town of Ventimiglia. On Thursday, local workers set up a temporary 100-bed shelter with toilets and showers in an empty barracks in Ventimiglia for Tunisians flocking to the town.
Eighty Tunisians crossed the border into France Tuesday night and were caught by the French police, said Geraldine Soulier, spokeswoman for the regional administration on the French Riviera.
The regional administration says some 600 Tunisians had been caught so far this month at the border. Their whereabouts weren’t clear.
Lampedusa Mayor Bernardino De Rubeis said that before dawn 690 migrants were shipped on a chartered ferry to the region of Puglia, with another 600 transported hours later. A tent camp for some 4,000 migrants was being hastily set up in the town of Manduria in the southeastern Italian region. Other ships, including a naval vessel, were anchored off Lampedusa’s ports, waiting for the seas to calm to pick up more migrants for transfer to the mainland.
While the Italian government has called on towns throughout the country to accept some of the migrants while they are processed for deportation or asylum, some southern politicians have protested that they are bearing the brunt of the arrivals, while they charge towns in the north -where anti-immigrant Berlusconi ally the Northern League is based - have done little to help.
Italian news reports said both the mayor of Manduria and an undersecretary in Berlusconi’s Cabinet had handed in their resignation to protest what they said was an unfair number of migrants being sent to the south.
Migrants have also protested their treatment and the conditions they’ve been forced to endure as they await relocation. Dozens of Tunisians marched through the streets of Lampedusa Thursday demanding they be taken off the island.
“Ten days with no shower,” said Faycel Mannai, 27, from Krib Siliana, Tunisia. “I’m not eating good. Sleeping outside, sleeping in the street. It’s cold and everybody is very tired here.”
Italian news agency ANSA reported that a group of Eritreans, who were rescued in their boat a few days earlier and escorted to another tiny island, Linosa, had barricaded themselves in their detention center on Sicily following their transfer. More than 250 people from Eritrea, Somalia and Ethiopia had originally set sail from Libya on the boat.
Some 2,000 refugees, most of them from Somalia or Eritrea, have arrived so far on boats that set out from Libya, and officials were looking for places to house them, Interior Minister Roberto Maroni told reporters.
Prior to the outbreak of a revolt against Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, an Italian-Libyan treaty saw Tripoli cracking down on smugglers’ boats transporting migrants from its shores to Italy in exchange for Italian aid. But chaos has effectively ended any enforcement of the deal, and Berlusconi’s government has warned that tens of thousands of migrants, many of them from the Horn of Africa or elsewhere on the continent, may soon be on their way.
In pictures: "Door of Europe"
One of several boat cemeteries on Lampedusa where vessels used by migrants from North Africa are dumped. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
A notice plastered onto one of the boats says the crafts have been seized by the Italian state because of their criminal use.(Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
The boats will later be destroyed to ensure they are not used again to ship illegal immigrants across the Mediterranean. Many local fishermen say this is a shame, because the woodwork is often better than on their own boats. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
(Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
Tunisian flags flutter in the wind. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
(Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
Clothes, shoes and plastic bottles are among the items left behind. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
A severely damaged hull. The boats are often unfit for high seas and many are shipwrecked. Some allege the boats' drivers deliberately drill holes in order to force the Italian coastguard to rescue them rather than push them back to Tunisia. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
This boat cemetery lies next to Lampedusa’s only football pitch. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
The "Door of Lampedusa - Door of Europe" monument was erected in 2008 and dedicated to the migrants who died attempting to cross the narrow stretch of water between Italy and North Africa. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
Wooden crosses in a segment of the Lampedusa cemetery mark the burial point of migrants shipwrecked off the coast of Malta last year. (Photos: Benjamin Dodman)
Date created : 2011-03-31