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Asia-pacific

Obama's troop withdrawal is 'risky', US military chief says

Text by News Wires

Latest update : 2011-06-23

While backing President Barack Obama's proposed withdrawal of troops from Afghanistan, Chairman of the US military’s Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen warned Thursday that it was riskier that he was "originally prepared to accept."

REUTERS - The U.S. military warned on Thursday that President Barack Obama’s faster-than-expected drawdown in Afghanistan created new risks, even as commanders backed the strategy to start winding down the unpopular, nearly decade-old war.

Admiral Mike Mullen, chairman of the U.S. military’s Joint Chiefs of Staff, acknowledged that Obama’s plans to withdraw nearly a third of the some 99,000 U.S. troops in Afghanistan by the end of next summer was a riskier plan than he had initially wanted. Obama announced the withdrawal timetable on Wednesday.

“The president’s decisions are more aggressive and incur more risk than I was originally prepared to accept,” Mullen told a House of Representatives committee hearing in his first comments on Obama’s plan.

Pressed by lawmakers, Mullen assured them the risks, although increased, were still manageable and would not jeopardize the military’s counter-insurgency mission.

Afghanistan sanctions

The UN Security Council has split the international sanctions regime for the Taliban and al Qaeda to encourage the Taliban to join reconciliation efforts in Afghanistan.

The council passed two resolutions which set up one new blacklist of individuals and organizations accused of links to al Qaeda and a second for those linked to the Taliban.

International powers wanted to separate the two groups to highlight the divide between the two.
 

His comments, while carefully phrased, were an unusually public expression of the Pentagon’s initial unease with Obama’s aggressive Afghan drawdown. In the run-up to Obama’s decision, military leaders lobbied privately for more time, and outgoing Defense Secretary Robert Gates publicly said any troop withdrawal should be modest.

U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton acknowledged “lots of competing opinions coming at (Obama) from all sides.” She, too, said she supported his decision.

In Kabul, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, Washington’s ally in a relationship made tense by allegations of incompetence and corruption, welcomed the plan for a gradual pullout and said Afghans increasingly trusted their security forces.

European nations that have contributed troops to the military effort against the Afghan Taliban insurgency said they would also proceed with already planned phased reductions.

But the Taliban, resurgent a decade after being toppled from power by U.S.-led forces following the Sept. 11 attacks, dismissed the announcement and said only a full, immediate withdrawal of foreign forces could stop « pointless bloodshed." They rejected any suggestion of U.S. military gains.

No 'rush to the exits'

In a prime-time televised appearance on Wednesday, Obama said he would withdraw 10,000 troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2011, and a further 23,000 by the end of next summer. Remaining troops would be steadily withdrawn after that.

Nearly 70,000 U.S. soldiers will, however, remain in Afghanistan even after the cuts announced by Obama, about twice the number when he took office in January 2009.

Many lawmakers on Thursday criticized Obama’s decision, saying his aggressive timetable risked undermining the mission and could put U.S. troops at greater risk.

“I think that’s a very dangerous thing to do,” Republican Senator Charles Grassley said, adding that he understood that General David Petraeus, the overall commander in Afghanistan, had recommended a slower withdrawal than the one Obama announced.

"The president’s only consideration in all of this should be what is best for our national security, not finding some halfway point” with war critics, Grassley told Reuters.

But Undersecretary of Defense Michele Flournoy, appearing at the committee hearing alongside Mullen, said, “Clearly, this is not a ‘rush to the exits’ that will jeopardize our security gains.”

Mullen played down the possibility that security gains could be easily reversed. Bringing home troops offered some benefits, including reinforcing the goal of putting Afghans in control of their security by the end of 2014.

“The truth is, we would have run other kinds of risks by keeping more forces in Afghanistan longer. We would have made it easier for the Karzai administration to increase their dependency on us,” Mullen said.

The Taliban has been pushed out of some areas of their southern heartland, but the insurgency has intensified along Afghanistan’s eastern border with Pakistan and U.S. commanders have wanted to shift their focus to that area.

U.S. officials are increasingly looking to a potential political solution, eventually bringing Taliban to the negotiating table. Clinton acknowledged preliminary outreach.

“We believe that a political solution ... is possible. The United States has a broad range of contacts at many levels across Afghanistan and the region ... including very preliminary outreach to members of the Taliban,” Clinton told a Senate hearing on Thursday.
She added that "this is not a pleasant business," but part of efforts to end the insurgency.

In another sign of the challenges ahead in transferring control to Afghan authorities, an Afghan court on Thursday overturned a quarter of the results from last year’s fraud-tainted parliamentary election—potentially plunging the country into a new political crisis.

Afghanistan has been in a state of political paralysis since the Sept. 18 election, with a full cabinet still not in place after weeks of squabbling.

Europe calls for gradual pull out

As the U.S. withdraws, so will its allies. France, Germany, Poland and Spain said they would proceed with a gradual drawdown.
French President Nicolas Sarkozy, like Obama seeking re-election next year, said in a statement that he would oversee a pullout “in a proportional manner and in a calendar comparable to the withdrawal of American reinforcements.” France’s 4,000-strong contingent is the fourth largest in Afghanistan.

German Defence Minister Guido Westerwelle said his country, with 4,800 troops in the increasingly violent north, hoped “to be able to reduce our own troop contingent for the first time” by the end of the year.

 

Date created : 2011-06-23

  • FRANCE

    Sarkozy announces 'gradual withdrawal' of troops from Afghanistan

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  • AFGHANISTAN

    Not all Afghans have signed up for the 'talk and fight' plan

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  • TERRORISM

    Gates confirms US is in 'preliminary' talks with Taliban

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