The commanders of Turkey's army, navy and air force resigned en masse Friday after a court charged numerous generals and officers with plotting to overthrow the government.
REUTERS - President Abdullah Gul denied on Saturday that Turkey faced a crisis after the resignation of the country’s four most senior military commanders, but acknowledged this had created an “extraordinary” situation.
The departure of the generals has caused turmoil in the military, giving Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan an opportunity to extend his authority over the once - dominant armed forces , the second biggest in NATO .
New commander appointed
General Necdet Ozel, commander of the military police, is expected to be formally appointed as Turkey's top military commander on Saturday.
Chief of General Staff General Isik Kosaner stepped down on Friday evening along with the army, navy and air force commanders in protest over the detention of 250 officers on charges of conspiring against Erdogan’s government.
In a farewell message to “brothers in arms”, Kosaner said it was impossible to continue in his job as he could not defend the rights of men who had been detained as a consequence of a flawed judicial process.
Relations between the secularist military and Erdogan’s socially conservative Justice and Development Party (AK) have been fraught since it first won power in 2002, due to mistrust of the AK’s Islamist roots.
While the departures are embarrassing, they could give Erdogan a decisive victory over a military that sees itself as guardian of the secularist state envisioned by the soldier statesman and founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.
Analysts perceive little political threat to Erdogan’s supremacy. AK won a third consecutive term, taking 50 percent of the vote, in a parliamentary election in June.
“Nobody should view this as any sort of crisis or continuing problem in Turkey,” Gul, a former top AK member, told reporters on Saturday. “Undoubtedly events yesterday were an extraordinary situation in themselves, but everything is on course.”
Erdogan designated Kosaner’s successor on Friday, as his office put out a statement naming paramilitary Gendarmerie commander General Necdet Ozel as new head of land forces and acting deputy chief of general staff, effectively making him next in line when Kosaner handed over the baton.
In years gone by, Turkey’s generals were more likely to seize power than quit. They have staged three coups since 1960 and pushed an Islamist-led government from power in 1997.
Some founders of AK, including Erdogan, were members of the Welfare Party, an Islamist party whose coalition was forced out 14 years ago. But as prime minister, Erdogan has ended the military’s dominance through a series of reforms aimed at advancing Turkey’s chances of joining the European Union.
Government move violates military traditions, says opposition
“Four-star earthquake,” a headline in Sabah newspaper said of the generals’ decision, while papers also highlighted Kosaner’s criticism of media reporting on the military.
“They tried to create the impression that the Turkish Armed Forces were a criminal organisation and ... the biased media encouraged this with all kinds of false stories, smears and allegations,” Kosaner’s statement said.
On Istanbul’s streets, views of the issue reflected Turkey’s polarisation between government supporters and opponents.
“This is a move to place AK Party supporters in the army. There was only the army to protect secularism but they took that as well,” said retired 54-year-old Perihan Guclu.
“This has been a good development. We have got one of the biggest numbers of generals in the world but we are becoming a democracy slowly,” said a 52-year-old who gave his name only as Dursun.
The latter-day subordination of the generals was starkly demonstrated last year when police began detaining scores of officers over “Operation Sledgehammer”, an alleged plot against Erdogan’s government discussed at a military seminar in 2003.
The officers say Sledgehammer was just a war game exercise and the evidence against them has been fabricated. About 250 military personnel are in jail, including 173 serving and 77 retired staff. Most are charged in relation to Sledgehammer.
Military morale sapped
A court accepted on Friday an indictment over another alleged military plot, known as the “Internet Memorandum” case, and prosecutors asked for the arrest of 22 people including the Aegean army commander and six other serving generals and admirals.
Aksam newspaper described this as “the indictment which triggered a crisis” in a case where the military is accused of setting up anti-government websites. Papers said disagreements over senior appointments also prompted the generals to quit.
The detentions have sapped morale and spread mistrust and suspicion among the officer corps, and many had been looking for Kosaner to take a stand since his appointment last August.
More than 40 serving generals, almost a tenth of Turkey’s commanders, are under arrest, accused of a various plots to bring down the AKP.
The main opposition CHP said the army should stay out of politics but warned against the AKP exploiting its power.
“It is not right to draw soldiers into politics but there is no benefit in vilifying, smearing or undermining their dignity day and night,” senior CHP deputy Emine Tarhan told a news conference.
The government statement said the four commanders had retired and made no mention of the reasons why. It said a meeting of the Supreme Military Council, which meets twice-yearly to make top appointments, would go ahead as planned on Monday, showing Erdogan is in a hurry to restore the chain of command and present an image of business as usual.
The announcement dampened sentiment on Turkey’s financial markets on Friday, weakening the lira and pushing bond yields higher over concerns about increased political risk.
Date created : 2011-07-29