Don't miss




Fans and players react online to Arsene Wegner's club departure

Read more


Syria alleged chemical attack: Gunfire delays deployment of weapons inspectors

Read more


Cashing in on local French currencies

Read more


Life on the canals of northern France

Read more


What lies ahead for Cuba after the Castros?

Read more

#TECH 24

Discovering and harnessing the power of the sun

Read more


Can France bid 'adieu' to popular weedkiller glyphosate?

Read more

#THE 51%

Harmful for your health: When gender bias affects medical diagnosis

Read more


Africa’s donkeys slaughtered for Chinese ‘miracle elixir’

Read more

Middle east

EU hits Syria with further sanctions

Text by News Wires

Latest update : 2011-12-01

The EU came down harder on Syria Thursday, imposing tougher sanctions over President Bashar al-Assad's (pictured) brutal crackdown on pro-democracy protesters. UN officials believe the death toll in the nine-month uprising now tops 4000.

REUTERS - The European Union agreed new sanctions on Syria’s oil and financial sectors on Thursday and added 11 entities and 12 people to an EU blacklist imposed over the Syrian government’s violent crackdown on dissent.

The list of new names will become public on Friday and while full details were not immediately available, diplomats have said Syrian state oil company, the General Petroleum Corporation (GPC) would be among those targeted.

Diplomats said oil majors such as Royal Dutch Shell and France’s Total could see their Syrian ventures grind to a halt as the GPC joins the roster of sanctioned companies.

Syrian death toll rises

The UN’s top human rights official says her office estimates the death toll in Syria’s nine-month uprising is now “much more” than 4,000.
Navi Pillay, the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, gave the latest figure a day before the global body is due to hold an emergency meeting on the crisis in the country.
Pillay told reporters in Geneva on Thursday that evidence emerging of abuses committed by Syrian security forces affirms her call that the country’s leadership should be prosecuted for “crimes against humanity.” (AP)

“These new measures are related to the energy, financial, banking and trade sectors and include the listing of additional individuals and entities that are involved in the violence or directly supporting the regime,” EU foreign ministers said in a statement.

They added 12 persons and 11 institutions and firms to an asset freeze and asset ban list, and prohibited financial support for trade and loans to the Syrian government, both bilateral and through international financial institutions.

The new measures prohibit EU firms from trading in Syrian state debt and ban banks from Syria from opening branches in EU countries or investing in European banks.

They also ban the export of equipment for the Syrian oil and gas industry, including refining and exploration, and investment by EU companies in firms constructing new power plants in Syria.

Ban on telecommunications trade

The sanctions also ban sales of software or equipment that can be used for Internet or telecommunications surveillance and the EU statement called for 'restraint' on shorter-term trade support.

EU countries have imposed several rounds of sanctions against the government of President Bashar al-Assad Assad since May over its violent suppression of unrest, including an embargo on Syrian oil and a ban on new investment in the energy sector.

The GPC is responsible for supervising joint venture companies in Syria and is already blacklisted by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control.

Royal Dutch Shell and China National Petroleum Corp. are both partners of GPC through the Al-Furat joint venture and some diplomatic sources said the blacklisting would likely make it hard for EU oil firms to keep operating in Syria.

Britain’s Gulfsands also has investments in the country.

Syrian oil comprises less than 1 percent of daily world output but represents a big chunk of Syrian government earnings.

Shell and Total have already been forced to cut output in Syria due to lack of storage capacity.

British Foreign Secretary William Hague declined to comment on the effect of Shell, an Anglo-Dutch firm, but said all firms would have to respect the measures.

“Whatever we agree, we expect that to be observed across the commercial sector by all companies, but they have to sort that out for themselves,” he said ahead of the ministerial meeting.

The EU statement said the bloc would continue to press for strong U.N. action on Syria and urged all U.N. Security Council members “to uphold their responsibilities to end the violence in Syria and support the Syrian people.”

Russia and China, which both have oil concessions in Syria, teamed up last month to veto a Western-backed Security Council resolution condemning Assad’s government for violence.

Date created : 2011-12-01

  • Iran - UK

    Iranian protesters storm British embassy in Tehran

    Read more

  • Syria

    UN report: Syria committed crimes against humanity

    Read more

  • Syria

    Arab League approves sanctions against Syria

    Read more