The French Senate on Thursday held a heated debate as to whether to let non-EU immigrants vote in local elections, with conservatives arguing that such measures have not proven to solve integration problems in other EU nations.
REUTERS - French politicians clashed in the Senate on Thursday over whether to let non-EU immigrants vote in local elections, with conservatives vowing to stamp out a left-wing initiative that many of them once said was a good idea.
The posturing and rhetoric in parliament showed how each side sought to signal its position on the sensitive matter of national identity to supporters, five months before a presidential election.
IN PICTURES: SENATE BILL ON VOTE FOR IMMIGRANTS SPARKS PROTESTS
There was a heavy police presence outside the French senate on Thursday as lawmakers debated a bill to allow non-EU immigrants to vote in local elections. The initiative was penned by the Socialist Party and its left-wing allies, which have a slight majority of seats.
The anti-immigration National Front party called on supporters to rally in front of the senate building in protest at the bill. Party members and far-right sympathisers gathered to hear presidential candidate Marine Le Pen speak. (Photo: J Bamat)
Christine Tasin, President of Résistance Républicaine. "On this point we stand with Marine Le Pen. We believe that the right to vote is linked to nationality. Immigrants who wish to vote must apply for citizenship and we encourage them to do that." (Photo: J Bamat)
Arthur, 18, member of the National Front’s youth league: "It's a privilege to be able to vote. If a person wants to be part of an electoral process, even at the local level, they must first be a citizen." (Photo: J Bamat)
"The bill is an affront to our sovereignty and our national identity," says Alain, a National Front member. (Photo: J Bamat)
Gael Nofri, campaign advisor to Marine Le Pen: "We are here to show that there are some people who are dearly attached to the ideals of citizenship and nationality. We are here to denounce Nicolas Sarkozy’s flip-flopping on the issue of immigration." (Photo: J Bamat)
Marine Le Pen was surrounded by the media upon her arrival. Opinion polls suggest she is likely to come third in the first round of next year's presidential election. (Photo: J Bamat)
"The only concern of the Socialist Party is to give additional rights to those who, it seems to me, are already treated really well in this country," Le Pen tells supporters outside the senate. (Photo: J Bamat)
Members of France’s Communist Party, the French Green party and the International League of Human Rights organised a counter rally outside the senate to support the debate on the bill. (Photo: J Bamat)
Pro-immigrant rally chants: "I am here, I am staying, I am voting!" (Photo: J Bamat)
Vincent Rebérioux, vice president of the International Human Rights League. "We want to support this bill, which shows that policy is finally aligning with the view of a majority in France. 59% to 61% agree foreigners should have some voting rights."
Antoine De Cabanes, member of the French Communist Party. "It's normal that people who live here and work here also have the right to participate in politics." (Photo: J Bamat)
Maxim Abdalaziz: "This is an opportunity to show that even if some French politicians drum up xenophobia, not everyone in France is like that" (Photo: J Bamat)
Roger Yoba, from Cameroon: "I have lived in France since 1978. I know more of what’s going in the [Paris] 20th district than what’s going on in my home country. We want people to be able to participate in the decisions that affect the neighbourhoods they live in.”
“Do you really think it’s because you are voting or can vote that you are integrated?” Prime Minister Francois Fillon told lawmakers in a speech. “Do you think countries that have expanded the right to vote have resolved their integration issues? Look at Britain and the Netherlands.”His left-wing opponents riposted with a litany of quotations from right-wing figures—starting with President Nicolas Sarkozy himself—who have spoken in favour of letting foreigners vote.
“I thank you for your support,” said the Greens party’s Esther Benbassa, at the end of a speech that drew cheers, jeers and even some laughter from right-wing ranks.
The vote in the left-controlled Senate, the upper house of parliament, is more about making a point than changing the law. The bill has no chance of passing in a right-controlled lower house, pollsters say. It was abandoned once before, in 2000 for similar reasons.
Socialists and other left-wingers, emboldened by a historic victory over the right in Senate elections in September, say letting non-European Union citizens vote and get elected in municipal elections would soothe community tensions.
A change would also bring French law into line with EU members Belgium, Sweden, Denmark, Luxemburg and the Netherlands.
Britain, Spain and Portugal let some non-EU foreigners, most of them from former colonies, vote in some elections, while Italy, Germany and Austria share France’s more restrictive current approach.
To France’s ruling right, allowing a foreign and largely Muslim constituency to influence local policy would usher in halal meals at school cafeterias and women-only days at municipal swimming pools, controversial issues they say endanger the nation’s secular tradition.
Even though the proposal is unlikely to become law, the subliminal issues are important.
“The Left has a historical attachment to this bill, even if it’s only symbolic, to signal their sympathy to certain segments of the population,” said Stephane Rozes, head of political consultancy CAP.
By definition France’s population of EU and non-EU foreigners, estimated by the INSEE statistics office at 3.7 million in 2008, will not weigh on the outcome of next April’s election. However, the pool of voters sympathetic to them - from youths to descendants of immigrants - is far wider.
“The difference is that public opinion has shifted clearly in favour of this initiative,” Rozes added. “And that, paradoxically, is a consequence of the government’s tougher stance on illegal immigration.”
Indeed, a BVA poll published on Nov. 28 showed 61 percent of French people supported voting rights for foreigners who have lived in France for five years. Support had grown quickly since January—a period in which President Nicolas Sarkozy tightened citizenship requirements and ramped up expulsions of illegal immigrants.
EU citizens have been allowed to vote in local and European elections since the Maastricht treaty was passed in 1992.
'Not in my backyard"
Sarkozy’s opposition is rooted in the need to guarantee support from far-right followers of Marine Le Pen, head of the National Front Party, in the presidential election’s final round.
“Nicolas Sarkozy has only one concern on this issue and that is to appeal to the hard core of the right wing,” Rozes said.
Rarely have their ideas been so closely aligned. To whip up opposition to the voting rights bill, Le Pen has pulled out all the stops, printing more than 100,000 posters and 1.4 million pamphlets, in addition to an online petition.
Opposition runs deep, extending even to conservative elected officials who operate in immigrant-heavy communities.
“In some towns the foreign population can make up half of the total,” Xavier LeMoine, mayor of Montfermeil, a troubled suburban town northeast of Paris, told Reuters. “With the vote they could radically change the way of life in those towns.”
While EU citizens shared a “common identity, a common culture” with the French, he added, “in the other countries where many of our foreigners come from, there is nothing in common culturally, much less any common political system.”
Georges Lemaitre, an immigration expert at the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development in Paris, disagreed.
“Anything that gets people more involved in the life of a country is positive - we need more of that,” he said. “It does make a certain amount of sense.”
Date created : 2011-12-08