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Africa

Ivory Coast renews security deal with France

Text by News Wires

Latest update : 2012-01-26

Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara will sign a new security agreement with French President Nicolas Sarkozy in Paris on Thursday. The Ivorian leader's visit is his first since French troops helped topple Laurent Gbagbo's regime in April.

AFP - Ivory Coast President Alassane Ouattara began his first state visit to France on Wednesday, less than a year after French troops helped ouster his predecessor who now faces war crimes charges.

The main focus of Outtara's visit will be the signing of a new security agreement with President Nicolas Sarkozy, who he meets on Thursday.

France was a key ally of Ouattara's after Laurent Gbagbo refused to stand down despite losing a November 2010 presidential election. Around 3,000 people died in ensuing violence in the former French colony.

A final push to Ivory Coast's main city Abidjan by pro-Ouattara former rebels backed by French and UN forces eventually toppled Gbagbo, who was taken prisoner and now faces war crimes charges at the International Criminal Court in The Hague.

"I want to thank President Sarkozy and his government for the intervention they led in April under a United Nations mandate," Outtara said in an interview with French newspaper Le Monde. "Without France, there would have been in Ivory Coast a genocide worse than in Rwanda."



Still, tensions in the cocoa-rich country linger. At least one person died at the weekend when a meeting in Abidjan of Gbagbo supporters was broken up by people described by some observers as Ouattara supporters.

France's Licorne (Unicorn) peacekeeping force in Ivory Coast has been reduced to 450 troops from 1,600 at the height of the crisis. It will soon be only 300-strong, tasked with training the Ivorian army.

Ouattara has asked for more troops, citing the rising threat of Islamist militants in other parts of Africa.

"France must remain in our country longer and in greater force," he told Le Monde. "I understand budget issues, but France must take into account the weakening of north Africa."

Ouattara is not planning to meet with France's Ivorian community, which includes many Gbagbo supporters. Ouattara's troops are also accused of committing atrocities during the conflict.

Sarkozy was the only Western head of state to attend Ouattara's swearing-in in May last year.

France's military involvement in Gbagbo's arrest was aimed at promoting democratic values in Africa but resulted in accusations that France was still performing a colonial role.

Aside from oil, France is Ivory Coast's largest trading partner. The former colony is the biggest economy in French-speaking west Africa.
 

Date created : 2012-01-26

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