French prosecutors filed preliminary murder and terrorism charges Sunday against Abdelkader Merah, brother of Toulouse gunman Mohamed Merah. Under French law, preliminary charges allow a suspect to be kept in custody pending a formal indictment.
AP - A Frenchman suspected of helping his brother plot attacks against Jewish schoolchildren and paratroopers was handed preliminary murder and terrorism charges Sunday.
But Abdelkader Merah denied any role in the attacks. Investigators looking into France’s worst terror attacks in years believe Merah helped his brother Mohamed prepare the killings, and are investigating whether they were linked to an international network of extremists or worked on their own.
Abdelkader’s lawyer said he feels like “a scapegoat.”
“No one knew anything” about what Mohamed was plotting, lawyer Anne-Sophie Laguens told reporters in Paris. She dismissed reports that Abdelkader had praised his brother’s attacks. “He was never proud of those actions.”
Mohamed Merah, 23, claimed responsibility for killing three Jewish schoolchildren, a rabbi and three paratroopers earlier this month. After a 32-hour standoff with police, he died Thursday in a hail of gunfire as he jumped out a window of his apartment in the southern city of Toulouse.
Anne-Sophie Laguens, lawyer for Abdelkader Merah
Since then, attention has focused on his older brother Abdelkader Merah, who was handed preliminary charges on Sunday of complicity to murder and theft, and involvement in a terrorist enterprise, prosecutors said. Detained last week, he will remain in custody pending further investigation.
Preliminary charges under French law mean there is strong reason to believe a crime was committed, but allow magistrates more time to investigate.
Authorities suspect Abdelkader had a role in acquiring his younger brother’s arsenal and financing his trips to Afghanistan, Pakistan and the Middle East. Mohamed Merah claimed allegiance to al-Qaida and told police he traveled to Afghanistan and Pakistan for training.
Abdelkader was questioned several years ago about alleged links to a network sending Toulouse-area youths to Iraq, but no action was brought against him at the time.
Prosecutor Francois Molins said the inquiry is also looking at anyone else who could have been involved in planning the attacks.
The brother’s girlfriend, Yamina Mesbah, was held, then released early Sunday without being charged. The Merah brothers’ mother was released Friday night.
The girlfriend denied any involvement in what happened and said she was shocked by the killings, her lawyer Guy Debuisson said, adding that Abdelkader Merah appeared to have led a double life.
“This woman was unaware of anything about her husband’s accessory, complementary or secret life,” the lawyer said. The couple married according to Muslim custom in 2006, but did not undergo the civil ceremony required in France for a marriage to be recognized.
Abdelkader Merah took five or six long trips to Egypt, ostensibly to study Arabic literature, and his girlfriend joined him on two or three, the lawyer said.
During questioning by police, the lawyer said, Mesbah learned that Merah had had other motivations for his trip to Egypt and “a life that led him toward an extremely intense ... fundamentalism.”
“The question to ask today is if Mohamed was the only one that was indoctrinated. Was it just him or are there others?” Debuisson asked.
The first paratrooper killed, Imad Ibn Ziaten, was buried Sunday in his hometown in Morocco on the Mediterranean coast. Townspeople held French and Moroccan flags as soldiers carried the coffin to the grave.
“It is incomprehensible, it is unimaginable. Terrorism doesn’t understand this. And above all we must not confuse Islam and fanaticism. They have nothing to do with one another,” his brother Hatim Ibn Ziaten said.
French State Secretary for Defense Marc Laffineur accompanied the family to Morocco, saying he wanted to show that “France is in mourning.” The other paratroopers were buried in France last week, and the Jewish children and rabbi were buried in Israel.
The killings have affected the race for French presidential elections in April and May, and raised concerns of tensions among France’s large Muslim and Jewish communities.
Thousands of people in Paris and Toulouse marched silently Sunday urging unity and tolerance of all religions and cultures after the killings. An enormous French tricolor flag borne by dozens of marchers waved above the Paris march as it snaked away from the Place de la Bastille, birthplace of the French Revolution.
Paris protest against racism
Thousands took to the streets of Paris Sunday in a silent march against racism, anti-Semitism and terrorism, days after police in Toulouse shot and killed the self-proclaimed gunman who murdered seven people in southwest France. Photo: Leela Jacinto/France24
Sadia Djellale, 67, a grandmother who came to France from Algeria 60 years ago, said she was afraid that after the Toulouse attacks Islam was being associated with terrorism. “Islam is not about violence. I live my Islam with tolerance." Photo: Tony Todd/France24
Lise Benkemoun, 40, an administrator for “Les Eclaireurs”, the Jewish branch of the French Scout movement. "All French people should be concerned - he didn’t just attack Jewish people,” she said. Photo: Tony Todd/France24
Marie-Claire Jover, 73, lived in Algeria until 1958. “I worry about the future,” she said. “I worry that there will be fallout from the Toulouse killings and that violence will spread.” Photo: Leela Jacinto/France24
Gurudev Singh, a 49-year-old construction worker. “All religions respect life,” said the Sikh father of three. “Whether it’s the church or the temple or the mosque, all religions are equal and followers of all religions must be respected.” Photo: Tony Todd/France24
Date created : 2012-03-25