Don't miss




Champagne, a French success story

Read more


Iraqi FM warns retaking Mosul 'does not mean end of terrorism'

Read more


Grandes écoles: France’s elite-making machines

Read more


No laughing matter: Roast-style jokes turn into personal attacks at charity dinner

Read more


The thorny issue of nativity scenes

Read more


Frichti, the company that delivers home-cooked meals to your door

Read more


New revelations on role of French army in 1960s war in Cameroon

Read more


South Africa: Students injured in clashes with police

Read more


#BadHombres and #NastyWomen

Read more

An in-depth report by our senior reporters and team of correspondents from around the world. Every Saturday at 9.10 pm Paris time. And you can watch it online as early as Friday.



Latest update : 2012-12-19

Nagorno-Karabakh, the time bomb on Europe's doorstep

The enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh is a powder keg at the centre of a decades-old dispute between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Its people are mostly Armenian, but under the Soviet Union it was ruled by Azerbaijan. In 1991, Nagorno-Karabakh declared itself independent. A three-year war followed, killing around 30,000 people. A fragile truce still holds, but Armenian forces occupy large swathes of Azeri land, and oil-rich Azerbaijan says it will take back the territories by force if there's no peace deal.

Armenians and Azeris inhabit two different worlds. The Karabakh Armenians do not see themselves as occupiers, but as keepers of their ancestral lands. They will tell you that they were effectively occupied by Azerbaijan for 70 years. Azeris will tell you that they did no harm to the Armenians in those 70 years, and that it was the Armenians who sparked the conflict. War trauma and national pride prevent the two nations from communicating directly with each other. Occasionally their presidents or foreign ministers will sit around a table with a Russian or Western mediator. The smiles are wooden; the suits seemingly made of concrete.

The worry, of course, is that Azerbaijan’s oil-infused defence upgrade will make for a much more devastating second Karabakh war. Russia, Turkey and Iran could be sucked in. But over coffee at one of the smarter hotels in the Karabakh "capital" Stepanakert, a presidential aide offered France 24 a surprising perspective. Despite Azerbaijan’s public threats to retake its lands by force, Baku privately prefers the status quo, he said. Azerbaijan has pledged to give Karabakh a "very high degree of autonomy" if and when it regains control. That, the aide told us, could open a pandora’s box of claims by other minorities inside Azerbaijan, such as Lezgins, Talysh and Kurds. Eventually, the aide suggested, the integrity of the Azerbaijani state could be seriously compromised – and over a larger geographical area than just Karabakh.

If he’s right, perhaps we shouldn’t expect a second Karabakh war after all.

By Willy BRACCIANO , Markus Meyer , Armen GEORGIAN



2016-10-19 Iraq

Video: On the road to Mosul with Iraqi, Kurdish forces

A few weeks before Iraqi and Kurdish forces launched their offensive to retake Mosul from Islamic State group jihadists, our reporters in Iraq witnessed the final preparations...

Read more

2016-10-13 Russia

The Russian secret behind Ukraine’s self-declared 'Donetsk Republic'

Two years after pro-Russian separatists declared the "Donetsk People's Republic", fighting between the Ukrainian army and separatist forces continues. But who is arming the...

Read more

2016-10-07 Argentina

Stolen children of Argentina’s dictatorship search for the truth

Imagine discovering that your surname, first name and date of birth are all lies? That your family is not your real family? Hundreds of Argentineans born during the dictatorship...

Read more

2016-09-30 Colombia

Video: The final days of Colombia’s FARC guerilla

After waging a 52-year-long insurgency against the authorities in Bogota, Colombia’s FARC guerilla agreed to finally end the bloody conflict that has cost tens of thousands of...

Read more

2016-06-23 World War I

World War I: When northern France was on German time

During World War I, 13 of France's regional departments were under German occupation. For four years, two million French citizens took their orders from Berlin. No more coal for...

Read more