After appearing to retreat and engage in dialogue with protesters in Istanbul’s Taksim Square, Turkish police on Tuesday evening launched a large-scale bid to clear the square of anti-government protesters.
Turkish police on Tuesday evening launched a large-scale assault on Istanbul’s Taksim Square, firing massive volleys of tear gas and jets of water at the thousands of demonstrators on the 12th day of anti-government violence.
Istanbul Governor Huseyin Avni Mutlu appeared on television, declaring that police operations would continue day and night until the square, the focus of demonstrations against Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, was cleared.
Police fired volleys of tear gas canisters into the crowds, scattering them into side streets and nearby hotels. Moments before their advance, they were confronted by jeering protesters calling for them to leave the square.
Erdogan calls on protesters to leave Gezi Park
Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan called on protesters to withdraw from central Istanbul’s Gezi Park on Tuesday and said a wave of anti-government demonstrations was part of a deliberate attempt to damage Turkey’s image and economy.
“I invite them to withdraw from the park and I ask this as prime minister,” Erdogan told a parliamentary group meeting of his AK Party.
“The Turkish economy has been targeted through these events ... Efforts to distort Turkey’s image have been put in place as part of a systematic plan.”
In Washington, the White House said it was concerned about the latest flare-up of police pressure against the protestors.
“We continue to follow events in Turkey with concern, and our interest remains supporting freedom of expression and assembly, including the right to peaceful protest,” White House spokeswoman Caitlin said in a statement.
“Turkey is a close friend and ally of the United States, and we expect the Turkish authorities to uphold these fundamental freedoms.”
The protesters, who accuse Erdogan of overreaching his authority after 10 years in power and three election victories, thronged the steep narrow lanes that lead down to the Bosphorus waterway. Many drifted gradually back into the square and lit bonfires, only to be scattered by more tear gas.
Governor Mutlu said 30 people had been wounded on Tuesday.
Erdogan earlier warned that he had “no more tolerance” for the protests, calling on demonstrators to stay out of Taksim, where a heavy-handed police crackdown on a rally against development of the small Gezi Park abutting the square triggered an unprecedented wave of protest.
Gezi Park has been turned into a ramshackle settlement of tents by leftists, environmentalists, liberals, students and professionals who see the development plan as symptomatic of overbearing government.
The protests, during which demonstrators used fireworks and petrol bombs, have posed a stark challenge to Erdogan’s authority and divided the country. In an indication of the impact of the protests on investor confidence, the central bank said it would intervene if needed to support the Turkish lira.
Erdogan, who denies accusations of authoritarian behaviour, declared he would not yield.
“They say the prime minister is rough. So what was going to happen here? Were we going to kneel down in front of these (people)?” Erdogan said as action to clear the square began.
“If you call this roughness, I’m sorry, but this Tayyip Erdogan won’t change,” he told a meeting of his AK party’s parliamentary group.
Western allies have expressed concern about the unrest in an important NATO ally bordering Syria, Iraq and Iran. Washington has in the past held up Erdogan’s Turkey as an Islamic democracy that could be emulated elsewhere in the Middle East.
The victor in three consecutive elections, Erdogan says the protests are engineered by vandals, terrorist elements and unnamed foreign forces. His critics, who say conservative religious elements have won out over centrists in the AK party, accuse him of inflaming the crisis with unyielding talk.
“A comprehensive attack against Turkey has been carried out,” Erdogan said. “The increase in interest rates, the fall in the stock markets, the deterioration in the investment environment, the intimidation of investors - the efforts to distort Turkey’s image have been put in place as a systematic project.”
Riot police also clashed with protesters in Kizilay, the government quarter of the capital, Ankara, firing tear gas.
Despite the protests against Erdogan, he remains unrivalled as a leader in his AK party, in parliament and on the streets.
Mutlu appealed to people to stay away from the square for their own safety. “We will continue our measures in an unremitting manner, whether day or night, until marginal elements are cleared and the square is open to the people,” he said in the brief television announcement.
“From today, from this hour, the measures we are going to take in Taksim Square will be conducted with care, in front of our people’s eyes, in front of televisions and under the eyes of social media with caution and in accordance with the law.”
The unrest has knocked investor confidence in a country that has boomed under Erdogan. The lira, already suffering from wider market turmoil, fell to its weakest level against its dollar/euro basket since October 2011.
The cost of insuring Turkish debt against default rose to its highest in 10 months, although it remained far from crisis levels.
The police moved back into Taksim a day after Erdogan agreed to meet protest leaders involved in the initial demonstrations over development of the square.
“I invite all demonstrators, all protesters, to see the big picture and the game that is being played,” Erdogan said. “The ones who are sincere should withdraw ... and I expect this from them as their prime minister.”
Protesters accuse Erdogan of authoritarian rule and some suspect him of ambitions to replace the secular republic with an Islamic order, something he denies.
“This movement won’t end here ... After this, I don’t think people will go back to being afraid of this government or any government,” said student Seyyit Cikmen, 19, as the crowd chanted “Every place is Taksim, every place resistance”.
Turkey’s Medical Association said that as of late Monday, 4,947 people had sought treatment in hospitals and voluntary infirmaries for injuries, ranging from cuts and burns to breathing difficulties from tear gas inhalation, since the unrest began more than 10 days ago. Three people have died.
Erdogan has repeatedly dismissed the protesters as “riff-raff” but is expected to meet leaders of the Gezi Park Platform group on Wednesday.
In Pictures: Turkish riot police retake control of Istanbul's Taksim Square
Riot police surprised protesters at Istanbul’s Taksim Square early in the morning after breaking through a number of barricades surrounding the area. © Mehdi Chebil
Two armoured vehicles mounted with water cannons rolled into the square, shooting jets of water at barricades sheltering the protesters. Riot police also periodically fired teargas cannisters and stun grenades. © Mehdi Chebil
Water cannons spray a small group of protesters. © Mehdi Chebil
Some demonstrators wearing helmets and gas masks hurled stones and Molotov cocktails at the riot police. A woman sprints across Taksim Square amid the clashes. © Mehdi Chebil
After swiftly retaking control of Taksim Square, police took to their loudspeakers to urge portesters to relocate to nearby Gezi Park, where a group of fellow demonstrators stood watching the scenes of violence unfold. © Mehdi Chebil
After securing the area, riot police set about dismantling banners and flags that protesters had hung from the Ataturk Cultural Centre, which is located at the heart of Taksim Square. © Mehdi Chebil
Garbage collectors later arrived on the scene to clear away the debris left behind by demonstrators. © Mehdi Chebil
(FRANCE 24 with wires)
Date created : 2013-06-11