The US and France will seek to win international support for military action against Syria at this week’s G20 summit, in the face of opposition from China and Russia. This is where some of the key G20 members currently stand on the issue.
Russia - The most vocal opponent of strikes against Syria, Russian President Vladimir Putin has warned that any military action by the US or others without UN approval “cannot be qualified as anything other than aggression”. And with Russia consistently blocking any UN Security Council resolution, gaining UN approval for military strikes looks an impossibility.
China - China has joined Russia in blocking any attempts at a UN resolution for military action in Syria. It favours UN-led diplomatic efforts to resolve the conflict.
UK - Despite its parliament voting against military action, the country’s government is still in favour of strikes and would support any US-led armed intervention in Syria, though without taking part in military operations.
Germany - Angela Merkel has ruled out Germany joining any strikes against Syria and has called for a “united international response” to the crisis through the UN.
Italy - Italy is firmly opposed to military strikes without a UN resolution and has said it will not allow the US or others to use its military bases to carry out strikes against Damascus.
Turkey - Turkey has been one of the most vocal supporters of military action in Syria and Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdogan has said that the country would take part in any international coalition against the Assad regime. Turkey’s proximity to Syria and regional influence make it a key US ally.
Saudi Arabia - The Saudis are another key regional supporter of military action and the country is part of a coalition of Gulf states active in backing Syrian rebels through supplying funds and arms.
India - Like China, India wants to see a diplomatic solution in Syria, with the Assad regime and the opposition being brought to the negotiating table.
Brazil - Brazilian Foreign Minister Luiz Alberto Figueiredo has said that the country will not consider military action without UN backing and that any strikes against Syria would be seen as a violation of international law unless the UN Security Council gives approval.
Australia - In the midst of a general election, the Australian government has said it will not take part in military action against Syria, but that it would “support” a response by others such as the US.
Date created : 2013-09-05