Open

Coming up

Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

IN THE PAPERS

i Gracias, Gabo i

Read more

IN THE PAPERS

The Socialist rebellion grows

Read more

BUSINESS DAILY

Can Weibo win over US investors?

Read more

DEBATE

Algeria: What's the Choice? Incumbent Bouteflika Votes in Wheelchair (part 2)

Read more

DEBATE

Algeria: What's the Choice? Incumbent Bouteflika Votes in Wheelchair

Read more

AFRICA NEWS

Virunga Park chief shot

Read more

MEDIAWATCH

Algerian election: Bouteflika votes in wheelchair

Read more

MEDIAWATCH

Algeria's media: a mixture of censorship and free speech

Read more

WEB NEWS

Nigerian web users call for end to violence

Read more

  • Captain not at helm when ship listed, South Korean officials say

    Read more

  • Nobel-winning Colombian writer Gabriel Garcia Marquez dies at 87

    Read more

  • Video: Tensions remain high in Mariupol despite Geneva deal

    Read more

  • West African Ebola outbreak caused by new strain of virus

    Read more

  • With a strong French presence, veterans and fresh faces, Cannes aims to please

    Read more

  • Deadly avalanche strikes Everest in worst-ever disaster

    Read more

  • Low turnout reported in Algeria as Bouteflika seeks fourth term

    Read more

  • Astronomers discover Earth-like planet that could support life

    Read more

  • Russia and West agree on steps to ease Ukraine crisis

    Read more

  • Mob launches deadly attack on UN shelter for S. Sudan civilians

    Read more

  • Eurostar train mishap causes 'severe' delays

    Read more

  • Chelsea Clinton announces she's pregnant

    Read more

  • French troops free five aid workers kidnapped in Mali by Islamists

    Read more

  • In pictures: Iranian woman pardons son’s killer at the gallows

    Read more

  • After cup defeat, Spanish pundits read last rites for Barcelona

    Read more

  • India heads to polls in single largest day of voting

    Read more

  • Ukraine talks open in Geneva as Putin talks tough on TV

    Read more

  • Pro-Russian separatists killed in attack on Black Sea base

    Read more

  • Man executed in Texas for 2002 triple murder

    Read more

  • Scandal-hit French doctor Jacques Servier dies at 92

    Read more

  • Belgian head of wildlife reserve shot in DR Congo

    Read more

  • Crunch talks on Ukraine begin in Geneva

    Read more

  • Stagehand of God? Maradona's legendary goal inspires a play

    Read more

  • US rolls out red carpet for French critic of capitalism

    Read more

  • N. Korea not amused by London hair salon's Kim Jong-un ad

    Read more

Europe

Germany marks 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht

© Photo: AFP

Video by Kalvin NG

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2013-11-10

Saturday saw Germans mark the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, or the Night of Broken Glass, an event seen as the start of the Holocaust in which Jewish homes, businesses and synagogues were smashed and ransacked on the night of November 9, 1938.

Germans across the country Saturday gathered to commemorate the 75th anniversary of Kristallnacht, a night of violence against Jews that marked the beginning of the Holocaust.

Also known as the Night of Broken Glass, November 9, 1938 saw a wave of attacks against Jews in Germany and Austria by both Nazi paramilitary forces and civilians.

Hundreds of synagogues were burned, numerous homes and Jewish-owned stores were ransacked, some 1,000 people were killed and more than 30,000 Jews were sent to concentration camps.

The attacks marked the beginning of the state-organised, violent persecution of Jews which ended in the murder of six million European Jews by the end of the Third Reich in 1945.

As part of the unconventional memorials, Saturday saw Berliners and tourists polish around 5,000 "Stolpersteine" memorials for Jews in their neighbourhoods.

The "stumbling blocks" are small plaques bearing the names of Holocaust victims embedded in the street in front of their last known address, along with their dates of birth and facts about their deportation.

A silent march was also held through the capital’s streets, while around 120 retailers in Berlin have affixed adhesive film to their shop windows depicting the jagged pattern of broken glass to commemorate the destruction levelled against Jewish merchants.

'A low point in German history'

Berlin mayor Klaus Wowereit said he hoped the commemorations would help keep the lessons of the Holocaust from fading from memory.

“Especially now as witnesses die and there are fewer of them, we have to find new ways to commemorate and look back at it. So it's very important to work on educating people,” he said.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel also called on the country’s citizens to never forget the events of the past.

She described the Night of Broken Glass as “an event that humiliated Jews in an unbelievable way ... a real low point in German history had been reached''.

Sunday’s anniversary came a day after a poll European found that more than three-quarters of those questioned believe anti-Semitism is surging in their home countries and close to one-third have considered emigrating because they do not feel safe.

(FRANCE 24 with wires)

Date created : 2013-11-10

  • HAARETZ

    Former anti-Semitic Hungarian leader now keeps Shabbat

    Read more

  • GERMANY

    Germany’s Merkel visits Dachau concentration camp

    Read more

  • HUNGARY

    Suspected Nazi war criminal dies in hospital

    Read more

Comments

COMMENT(S)