Kim Jong-Un boasted Wednesday that North Korea enters the new year on a surge of strength because of the elimination of “factionalist filth” -- a reference to the young leader’s once powerful uncle, who was executed last month.
Kim’s comments in an annual New Year’s Day message, which included a call for improved ties with Seoul but also a warning of a possible “nuclear catastrophe,” will be scrutinised by outside analysts and governments for clues about the opaque country’s intentions and policy goals.
It was his first public comment on the shock execution last month of Jang Song-Thaek, once the country’s unofficial number two and Kim’s political mentor, although the young leader did not mention him by name.
“Our party’s timely, accurate decision to purge the anti-party, anti-revolutionary and factionalist elements helped greatly cement unity of the party and the revolution and strengthened our solidarity by 100 times,” Kim said.
Kim’s tone was strong as he called for nationwide ideological education and political awareness to eliminate “even the slightest phenomenon and element” undermining unity.
Crackdown on decadence
“It is necessary to establish stringent revolutionary discipline and order in all domains of the revolutionary struggle and construction work,” he said, pledging a crackdown on “any sort of alien ideology and decadent lifestyle”.
Jang’s purge and execution was staged in an extraordinarily public and brutal fashion. A party statement denounced him as “human scum” and a drug-addicted womaniser who pocketed state money to support his decadent lifestyle.
Yang Moo-Jin, a professor at Seoul’s University of North Korean Studies, said the speech underlined Kim’s desire to portray himself as an unchallenged and stable leader, two years after he took power.
“He is sending a message to its people that, with Jang gone, now let’s put the purge behind us and look to the future based on firm unity among the party, military and the government,” Yang said.
Jang played a key role in cementing the leadership of the inexperienced Kim, who took over after the death of his father and long-time ruler Kim Jong-Il in December 2011.
But analysts said Jang’s growing political power and intervention in the lucrative coal trade was resented by his young nephew.
Conciliatory tone with South Korea
In his message Kim struck a rare relatively conciliatory note with South Korea, after extreme tensions in the spring of last year.
He called for a “favourable climate” to improve relations, saying it was “high time” for the two Koreas to stop doing “anything detrimental to national unity and reconciliation”.
“We will join hands with anyone who opts to give priority to the nation and wishes for its reunification, regardless of his or her past, and continue to strive for better inter-Korean relations,” he said.
But Kim said North Korea would not beg for peace. He accused the United States and South Korea of manoeuvreing for a nuclear war against the nuclear-armed North and vowed to strengthen its military power.
“If war breaks out again in this land, it will bring about a massive nuclear disaster and the US will also never be safe,” Kim said.
“We are faced with a dangerous situation in which a small, accidental military clash can lead to all-out war.”
Jang’s execution raised concerns over potential instability in the North, or military provocations such as an atomic test aimed at rallying domestic unity.
The North staged nuclear tests in 2006, 2009 and last February.
But Kim made no direct mention of the North’s nuclear weapons programme.
South Korea said the young leader had expressed a desire to cement his leadership through tight social discipline and order.
“It remains to be seen whether North Korea will change its attitude as it continues to criticise us,” the South’s unification ministry, in charge of inter-Korean affairs, said in a statement.
Ties have been icy since Seoul accused Pyongyang of torpedoing its warship in March 2010 with the loss of 46 lives. The North denied the charge but went on to shell a border island in November the same year, leaving four South Koreans dead.
Officials have warned it could stage military provocations to foster domestic unity.
“Our military must maintain full readiness and react mercilessly to any provocations by the enemy,” South Korean Defence Minister Kim Kwan-Jin said in his own New Year message.
Kim Jong-Un also called for “a decisive turn” in agricultural output and vowed to rebuild the crumbling economy with priority on infrastructure, agriculture and energy.
North Korea has suffered chronic food and energy shortages under the ruling Kim dynasty. Despite a rise in staple food output in recent years, daily life for millions is an ongoing struggle with under-nutrition.
(With AFP, AP)
Date created : 2014-01-01