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Europe

Norway's Jens Stoltenberg to replace Rasmussen as NATO chief

© afp

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2014-03-28

Norway's former prime minister and a one-time UN climate change envoy, Jens Stoltenberg, will take over as secretary general of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation from October 1 as the alliance grapples with Russia's annexation of Crimea.

“I’ve known Jens Stoltenberg for many years and know he’s the right man to build on NATO’s record of strength,” outgoing Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said via Twitter on Friday.

“If the task for NATO now is to defuse the crisis with Russia over Ukraine, then Stoltenberg will be eminent. He thrives on compromise. If the task is escalation, he won’t be bad, but there are others who could do a better job,” said Frank Aarebrot, professor of comparative politics at the University of Bergen and an acquaintance of Stoltenberg's.

The son of a former defence and foreign minister, Stoltenberg, 55, negotiated a deal with Russia that ended a four-decade dispute over their Arctic maritime borders and built a personal friendship with then president Dmitry Medvedev.

He has made it clear that the annexation of Crimea by Vladimir Putin’s Russia, which has raised the need for NATO to boost its presence on Europe’s eastern edge, cannot stand.

“Russia’s use of military force to modify its borders is unacceptable,” Stoltenberg has said. “The conflict in Ukraine must be a political solution... We will not live in a world where the strongest one prevails.”

“Russia’s move is in breach of international law and it’s a type of power policy that belongs in a past era,” he added.

Stoltenberg, who lived several years as a child in Belgrade where he learned to speak Serbian, served 22 years in parliament and was prime minister from 2005 to 2013 at the head of a Labour Party-led coalition.

“His strength is that he’s got a vast political network and good political intuition ... and he will also listen to civil society, not just people within the ‘security cage’,” said Jan Egeland, a former UN under-secretary general.

History of mediation

He stood up to China when it reacted with fury to the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s decision to award the 2010 Peace Prize to dissident Liu Xiaobo, saying it amounted to interference in its internal affairs.

Stoltenberg persisted in supporting the committee despite Beijing’s threats of consequences, and relations between the two nations have been essentially frozen since – with some Norwegian firms, such as energy group Statoil, essentially shut out from the country.

He also pushed his government to mediate, often in secret, to resolve some of the world’s longest conflicts, hoping its long history of mediation would again bear fruit.

Norway’s diplomats helped bring Colombia’s government and Marxist FARC rebels to the negotiating table in 2012 and mediated between the Taliban and the West, once even bringing Taliban leaders to Oslo to engage them on democratic rule.

“He’s respected across party lines and political lines and he’s a good listener who will take in an enormous amount of information from various sources and put into policy,” said Egeland, now the head of the Norwegian Refugee Council.

Stoltenberg started in politics early and has admitted to having thrown rocks at the US embassy as a teenager in the 1970s in a protest against the Vietnam war.

When he took over leading the Labour Party’s youth wing in 1985, he initially affirmed the platform’s position that Norway’s should leave NATO but eventually pushed the group to reverse its position.

He served both as finance and trade minister in the 1990s, advocating that Norway should save up its oil wealth for a rainy day. During the global financial crisis he used the saved-up cash to spend the country out of the crisis, helping the economy escape relatively unharmed.

As prime minister he also backed NATO’s military campaigns in Afghanistan and Libya, and his government was also an unwavering supporter of Lockheed Martin Corp Joint Strike Fighter programme, despite delays and cost over-runs.

As prime minister he went undercover as a taxi driver probing voters’ concerns in an August 2013 re-election stunt. His party subsequently lost to centre-right conservatives.

Many people outside Norway know him best for consoling his nation and advising against hate-driven reactions after far-right gunman Anders Behring Breivik killed 77 people, mostly teenagers, over Labour’s support for immigration in 2011.

(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS) 

Date created : 2014-03-28

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