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2014-07-22 07:21 IN THE FRENCH PRESS

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Africa

Egypt's Sisi declares Muslim Brotherhood ‘finished’

© Photo: AFP

Video by Charlotte HAWKINS

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2014-05-06

Egyptian presidential frontrunner Abdel Fattah al-Sisi said the opposition Muslim Brotherhood movement of deposed leader Mohammed Morsi was "finished" on Monday and would “cease to exist” if he were elected.

Sisi, who ousted the Brotherhood figure from the presidency last July after mass protests against Morsi’s rule, accused the movement of links to violent militant groups, adding that two plots to assassinate him had been uncovered.

"I did not finish [the Brotherhood], you Egyptians did," Sisi said in a joint interview with Egypt’s privately owned CBC and ONTV television channels broadcast on Monday.

Asked whether the Brotherhood would cease to exist during his presidency, Sisi answered: “Yes. That’s right.”

Sisi is expected to easily win the May 26-27 presidential election. The only other candidate is leftist politician Hamdeen Sabahi, who came third in the 2012 election won by Morsi.

Sisi’s supporters view him as a decisive figure who can stabilise a country plagued by street protests and political violence since an army-backed popular uprising toppled President Hosni Mubarak in 2011.

The Brotherhood, which says it is committed to peaceful activism, has accused Sisi of staging a flagrant coup and masterminding the removal of Morsi, Egypt’s first freely elected president.

‘Assassination plots’

Sisi, a head of military intelligence under Mubarak, confirmed rumours that there had been attempts on his life, highlighting the security challenges facing Egypt, a strategic US ally in the heart of the Arab world.

Sisi said there were “two attempts to assassinate me. I believe in fate, I am not afraid.” He has said his campaign would be unconventional – an apparent reference to concerns for his security. So far, there are no announced plans for him to appear in public.

An Islamist militant insurgency has been growing since Morsi’s overthrow. Islamist militants have killed several hundred members of the security forces in bombings and shootings. The interior minister survived an attempt on his life in September.

The army-backed authorities have outlawed the Brotherhood, which won power after Mubarak’s fall. Thousands of its supporters have been arrested and hundreds killed. Top leaders, including Morsi, are on trial.

A court last week sentenced to death the leader of the Brotherhood, Mohamed Badie, along with hundreds of supporters. Secular dissidents have also been jailed, leaving little organised opposition in the face of the army-backed government.

Although the Brotherhood is under severe pressure, Egypt’s oldest and most organised Islamist movement has survived repression under successive rulers from the military, starting with Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1954.

Islamists and the Egyptian state are old foes. Militants assassinated president Anwar al-Sadat in 1981 mainly because of his peace treaty with Israel. Mubarak also survived assassination attempts.

Tough line

Egypt’s military has mounted several offensives against militants based in the Sinai. But fighters who have established bases in the unruly peninsula near Israel have proven resilient.

Hardening accusations against the Brotherhood of militant ties, Sisi said one of its leaders had warned him last July against his course of action, saying fighters would come from Syria, Afghanistan and Libya “to fight the Egyptians and to fight you”.

His tough line on eradicating militancy may not be enough to ease the concerns of Egyptians.

In a country where protests have helped lead to the removal of two presidents in three years, Sisi may be expected to deliver quick results, especially for the economy, which suffers from a weak currency, high unemployment, a bloated public sector and a widening budget deficit.

Sisi said security, stability and development are his priorities for Egypt, a nation of 85 million people who live on 4.5 percent of the country’s land. But he gave no details of his vision for the economy in the interview being broadcast in instalments.

Sisi expressed his support for a law criticised by rights groups for imposing tight restrictions on the right to demonstrate. “I say that anything needed for security and stability we will do.”

He appeared to acknowledge human rights abuses reported by human rights groups during the security campaign. “We must understand that there cannot be a security situation with this depth and confusion that we are seeing, without some violations,” he said.

“There is law and procedures taken so that this does not happen again.”

(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS, AFP)

Date created : 2014-05-06

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