Don't miss

Replay


LATEST SHOWS

FOCUS

Young Nicaraguans lead protests against President Ortega

Read more

ENCORE!

Music show: Opera singer Lawrence Brownlee, Snow Patrol & Natalie Prass

Read more

TALKING EUROPE

EU Commissioner Johannes Hahn: 'Either we import stability, or we export instability'

Read more

TALKING EUROPE

From Italy to Cyprus via Hungary: A look back at key events in Europe

Read more

BUSINESS DAILY

US-China trade war is 'on hold'

Read more

#TECH 24

Is GDPR a good thing for EU tech companies?

Read more

PERSPECTIVE

'The internet is like water, we need to help children understand how to swim'

Read more

THE OBSERVERS

Horse massacres in Iran, fake news turning deadly in India, and Ivory Coast's drought

Read more

THE OBSERVERS

Iran's violent bird poaching, a Yemeni youth orchestra beneath the bombs, and more

Read more

REPORTERS

An in-depth report by our senior reporters and team of correspondents from around the world. Every Saturday at 9.10 pm Paris time. Or you can catch it online from Friday.

Latest update : 2014-07-02

Northern Ireland: Old wounds reopened in Belfast

Northern Ireland’s Good Friday agreement, signed in April 1998, put an end to thirty years of conflict between Nationalists and Republicans. Since its signature, traditional enemies have worked together in the same Assembly and even the same government. But last May, Sinn Fein President Gerry Adams was detained for questioning over a murder committed by the IRA in 1972, an incident that has reopened old wounds. Clare Murphy reports.

It’s summertime. But sadly in Northern Ireland that means one thing - the threat of violence erupting at sectarian interfaces, particularly in Belfast.

The traditional Protestant marching day - the 12th of July - has been plagued by rioting and clashes in the city over recent years and it’s feared this season will be no different. 

Many may find this strange - as Northern Ireland is often held up as a prime example of a successful peace process bridging a divided community. A 1998 political deal ended three decades of conflict between the Catholic IRA militant group campaigning for a united Ireland - and the British security forces and Protestant paramilitary groups determined to preserve the United Kingdom. 

But this annual flare-up in tensions surrounding parades and "the Twelfth" is just one of many issues the renowned Good Friday Agreement failed to resolve. It may have successfully set-up a power-sharing government at Stormont, but 16 years on Republicans / Nationalists on one side and Unionists / Loyalists on the other remain at loggerheads over flags of national identity and dealing with the atrocities of the past that claimed over 3,600 lives. 

A concentrated effort was made to try to resolve these outstanding issues at the end of last year. But lengthy negotiations chaired by US diplomat, Dr Richard Haass, broke down without agreement. To exacerbate this, in February it was revealed that approximately 200 former members of the IRA “on the run” for crimes they are suspected of carrying out, had secretly received letters from the British government assuring them they would not be pursued. This revelation, along with the arrest and questioning of Republican leader, Gerry Adams, in May about a 1972 murder, has greatly increased tensions between the sides. 

Nevertheless, the pressure is currently building on local politicians to reach this so-far elusive accommodation on flags, parades and the past. As the 12th of July approaches there will be much diplomatic activity, with intensive talks scheduled to be held between the political parties in Northern Ireland and the British and Irish governments.

To better understand the issues at stake at these talks a France 24 team visited Belfast for one week in May. Careful planning went into how we would tease out the difficult and complex history involved. We wanted to explore the problems that continue to hold Northern Irish society back, and to do this in a balanced way. However, it was important that our report not be overly pessimistic as daily life continues apace there and we also wished to illustrate how Belfast is making great strides in transforming itself from a grey, industrial hub into a modern, vibrant city.     

By Clare MURPHY

COMMENT(S)

Archives

2018-05-18 Middle East

Beyond the conflict: Reporter's notebook in modern-day Israel

Israel regularly makes headlines, but there is more to the country than the conflict with the Palestinians. FRANCE 24 reports from a young but highly developed nation, a holy...

Read more

2018-05-11 Middle East

Video: Stateless in Palestine

What does life in the West Bank look like under Israeli occupation? Our reporters travelled to Area C, to meet the women and men who live on lands coveted by Israeli settlers....

Read more

2018-04-27 France

Video: The Foreign Legion, another French exception

Shrouded in mystery and prestige, the French Foreign Legion is just as feared by its enemies as it is envied by its allies. The legionnaires come from across the world, prepared...

Read more

2018-04-20 Africa

Africa’s donkeys slaughtered for Chinese ‘miracle elixir’

Every year, China slaughters millions of donkeys to make Ejiao, a traditional medicine hailed as a ‘miracle elixir’ which is used to treat various ailments. As China’s donkey...

Read more

2018-04-13 Americas

From Brazil to Canada: the new odyssey for African migrants

Canada has become the new El Dorado for many African migrants, who have seen Europe and the United States close their borders. But they face a dangerous journey across South and...

Read more