For the second time in six months, François Hollande, sinking in the polls and under fire from all sides, has revamped his government. Faced with a schism within his cabinet, the beleaguered French president purged his ministerial ranks of dissenters from the left wing of his own Socialist Party.
But Hollande shows few signs of changing policies; especially the belt-tightening economic policies that his critics say have led France down a dead end of high unemployment and zero economic growth. Can he defy his sceptics and turn the country around?
Jean Garrigues, a political historian and author of many books on French political life, comments on France's latest political crisis.