Don't miss




Ireland: The forgotten Angels of Tuam

Read more


S.Africa's former President Zuma to face corruption charges

Read more


'60 Minutes' to air interview with porn actress aledging affair with Trump

Read more


In Africa, French is more than a common language

Read more


Poisoned Relations: UK sanctions Russia over nerve agent attack

Read more


Behind the scenes at France's majestic Chantilly castle

Read more

#THE 51%

#MeToo in South Korea

Read more


Russia's opposition weakened as Putin looks set for fourth term

Read more


Fantasy novelist Robin Hobb among guests at France's biggest book fair

Read more


German president recognises Armenian genocide, says Berlin bears ‘responsibility’

© AFP | German President Joachim Gauck addresses a church service commemorating the centenary of the massacre of 1,5 million Armenians by Ottoman forces at the Cathedral in Berlin on April 23, 2015

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2015-04-24

Germany bears partial blame for the massacre a century ago of 1.5 million Armenians by Ottoman forces, President Joachim Gauck said Thursday, describing the bloodletting as “genocide”.

Gauck's speech at an event commemorating the centenary marked the first time that Berlin has officially used the word "genocide" to describe the killings – though German lawmakers are yet to debate the issue.

The president’s words also signalled an unusually strong acknowledgement of the then German empire's role in the carnage during World War I.

"In this case we Germans must come to terms with the past regarding our shared responsibility, possibly shared guilt, for the genocide against the Armenians," he said at an ecumenical service in Berlin.

Armenians say up to 1.5 million of their kin were killed between 1915 and 1916 as the Ottoman Empire was falling apart and have long sought to win international recognition of the massacres as genocide.

Modern Turkey, the successor state to the Ottomans, rejects the claim, arguing that 300,000 to 500,000 Armenians and as many Turks died in civil strife when Armenians rose up against their Ottoman rulers and sided with invading Russian troops.

Moral arbiter

Gauck, a Protestant pastor and former East German dissident, is the head of state and serves as a kind of moral arbiter for the nation.

His statement was expected to draw an angry reaction from Ankara, which has close defence and trade ties with Berlin.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said earlier Thursday that a decision by Austrian lawmakers this week to condemn the massacre as "genocide" would have "unfavourable repercussions" for bilateral ties.

Ankara on Wednesday recalled its ambassador to Austria in response to the lawmakers' condemnation.

In his speech at the Berlin Cathedral, Gauck said that the German Empire, then allied with the Ottomans, deployed soldiers who took part in "planning and, in part, carrying out the deportations".

German diplomats and observers who reported back to Berlin the atrocities they witnessed were "ignored" for fear of jeopardising relations with the Ottomans, he said.

Lawmakers vote on compromise text

The presidents of Russia and France -- two of nearly two dozen countries to formally recognise the genocide -- are to join a handful of world leaders attending a commemoration of the massacre in the Armenian capital Yerevan on Friday.

Germany plans to send a junior foreign minister to the event.

While Gauck clearly labelled the mass murders a genocide, the German government has backed a compromise resolution to be debated on Friday in parliament.

"Their fate exemplifies the history of the mass murders, ethnic cleansing campaigns, expulsions, indeed the genocides that marked the 20th century in such a horrible way," reads the draft text obtained by AFP on Monday.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

Date created : 2015-04-23


    Armenian church makes saints of 1.5 million genocide victims

    Read more


    Pope calls Armenian slaughter ‘first genocide of 20th century’

    Read more


    Turkish PM offers condolences to descendants of Armenians killed in 1915

    Read more