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Americas france 24

Obama secures Senate support for Iran nuclear deal

© Alex Wong / Getty Images / AFP | Obama will have Senate approval to veto opposition from Congress

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2015-09-02

US President Barack Obama secured a landmark foreign policy victory Wednesday as Democrats amassed enough votes to ensure the Iran nuclear deal survives in Congress, despite ferocious opposition from Republicans and Israel's government.

The backing from Democratic Senator Barbara Mikulski gives supporters of the agreement the crucial 34th vote in the 100-member chamber they need to uphold an Obama veto of a congressional resolution of disapproval if Republicans pass such a measure later this month.

"No deal is perfect, especially one negotiated with the Iranian regime. I have concluded that this Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is the best option available to block Iran from having a nuclear bomb," Mikulski said in a statement. "For these reasons, I will vote in favour of this deal."

Mikulski backing spells failure for opponents of the international agreement who sought to foil it by turning Congress against it. Leading that effort were Israel and its allies in the US, who failed to get traction after spending millions of dollars trying.

The agreement signed by Iran, the US and five other world powers limits Iran's nuclear programme in exchange for hundreds of billions of dollars in relief from international sanctions. Republicans and Israeli officials contend that concessions made to Iran could enable the country to wreak havoc throughout the Middle East.

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who had personally lobbied US lawmakers to block the nuclear pact, will continue fighting the agreement, an Israeli official said.

Marshall Wittmann, spokesman for the pro-Israel lobby AIPAC, said his group also would continue rallying opposition to the nuclear agreement.

Israel to have ‘political and military support’

In a letter delivered to Congress Wednesday, Secretary of State John Kerry called Israel's security "sacrosanct," recounting the billions of dollars the US has provided the Jewish state for missile defence and other security assistance. US and Israeli officials, he said, are working on a deal to "cement for the next decade our unprecedented levels of military assistance."

The letter was sent as Kerry defended the Iran deal in Philadelphia. His speech was carried live on television in Iran, an unusual occurrence.

"Rejecting this agreement would not be sending a signal of resolve to Iran, it would be broadcasting a message so puzzling that most people across the globe would find it impossible to comprehend," Kerry told lawmakers and civil leaders at the National Constitution Center.

"It's hard to conceive of a quicker or more self-destructive blow to our nation's credibility and leadership - not only with respect to this one issue, but across the board, economically, politically, militarily, even morally. We would pay an immeasurable price for this unilateral reversal," Kerry argued.

He said the Obama administration would ensure that America's Arab allies, like Israel, would have the "political and military support they need" to protect themselves from the threat posed by Iran.

Congress can’t stop the deal

With opposition to the agreement failing to take hold on the Democratic side, supporters may be able to muster the 41 votes needed to block the disapproval resolution from passing in the first place, sparing Obama from having to use his veto pen. That would require seven of the 10 remaining undeclared senators to decide in favour of the deal.

Even if Congress passes the disapproval resolution, it can't stop the deal reached by Iran, the United States, Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China. It might help congressionally mandated sanctions remain in place. But the UN Security Council endorsed the nuclear deal unanimously in July and outlined how it would lift international sanctions on Iran.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, a Republican, acknowledged Obama "may be able to sustain a veto with the tepid, restricted and partisan support." But he said the Senate would move ahead next week with a "serious" debate and that Congress' bipartisan support would be needed to "strengthen our defences in the Persian Gulf and to stand up to the inevitable Iranian violations of the agreement."

(FRANCE 24 with REUTERS and AP)

Date created : 2015-09-02

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