The Syrian government has agreed to allow humanitarian assistance into the beleaguered villages of Madaya, Foua and Kfarya following reports of deaths from malnutrition in that part of the country, a UN official said Thursday.
The aid group Doctors Without Borders (MSF) said 23 patients have died of starvation at an MSF-supported health centre in one of the three villages since December 1, including six children and five adults over the age of 60.
Two of the villages in question are the adjacent Shiite villages of Foua and Kfarya in the country's north, which have been besieged by anti-government militants for more than a year, and the third is the village of Madaya near the border with Lebanon, which has been under siege by government forces since early July.
“As a result of malnutrition many people in these villages have been getting ill because their immune systems are weakened,” Amer Bourhan, a doctor based in the village of Zabadani near Madaya, told FRANCE 24’s Observers website. “At least 47 people have died from starvation and malnutrition-related problems.”
International Red Cross spokesman Pawel Krzysiek told the Observers that he had seen “real hunger in the villagers’ eyes”.
“They begged us for milk for their babies,” he said. “They said the mothers are no longer producing milk. They have no way to feed their children.”
A statement from Yacoub El Hillo, the UN's Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Syria, said aid will begin entering the villages in the coming days.
"The UN welcomes today's approval from the government of Syria to access Madaya, Foua and Kfarya, and is preparing to deliver humanitarian assistance in the coming days," said El Hillo.
Activists have said that several people have died over the past weeks in both areas because of malnutrition. There are currently some 30,000 people in the two Shiite villages and an even higher number in Madaya.
"Almost 42,000 people remaining in Madaya are at risk of further hunger and starvation," El Hillo warned.
El Hillo said the UN is particularly concerned about the plight of nearly 400,000 people besieged by parties to the conflict in areas including the eastern city of Deir el-Zour as well as the Damascus suburb known as eastern Ghoua.
Syrian President Bashar Assad's government has repeatedly denied UN requests to deliver aid to specific areas.
"In the last year, only 10 percent of all requests for UN inter-agency convoys to hard-to-reach and besieged areas were approved and delivered," the statement said.
He added that up to 4.5 million people in Syria live in hard-to-reach areas, including nearly 400,000 people in 15 besieged locations who do not have access to the life-saving aid they urgently need.
The conflict that began in March 2011 has killed more than 250,000 people and wounded more than a million. The crisis has also displaces half of Syria's pre-war 23 million people.
From Brussels, MSF also called for an immediate delivery of lifesaving medicine and medical evacuations, in addition to food supplies to Madaya, where it reported the 23 deaths from starvation.
After the last, single food delivery in October, the siege of the village had tightened into a complete stranglehold, MSF said.
"Madaya is now effectively an open-air prison for an estimated 20,000 people, including infants, children and elderly," said Brice de le Vingne, MSF director of operations.
"This is a clear example of the consequences of using siege as a military strategy," de le Vingne added.
(FRANCE 24 with AP)
Date created : 2016-01-07