Tsai Ing-wen of Taiwan's main opposition party will become the island's first female president after the ruling Kuomintang conceded defeat in polls Saturday, as voters turned their backs on closer China ties.
"I'm sorry... We've lost. The KMT has suffered an election defeat. We haven't worked hard enough and we failed voters' expectations," said KMT candidate Eric Chu addressing tearful crowds at the party's headquarters in Taipei.
Tsai, leader of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), will be thrust into one of Asia’s toughest and most dangerous jobs, with China pointing hundreds of missiles at the island it claims, decades after losing Nationalists fled from Mao Zedong’s Communists to Taiwan in the Chinese civil war in 1949.
Tsai said she would establish “consistent, predictable and sustainable” relations with China, and not be provocative, to ensure the status quo.
But she risks antagonising China if she attempts to forcefully assert Taiwan’s sovereignty and reverses eight years of warming China ties under incumbent President Ma Ying-jeou of the Nationalists.
“Both sides have a responsibility to do their utmost to find mutually acceptable ways to interact with respect and reciprocity and ensure no provocation and no surprises,” Tsai added, having taken around 56 percent of the vote.
She added, however, that she would defend Taiwan’s interests and its sovereignty.
China has not renounced the use of force to ensure eventual unification with the island.
“Our democracy, national identity and international space must be fully respected and any suppression would undermine the stability of cross-Strait relations,” she said.
In a statement carried by state media, China’s Taiwan Affairs Office said the achievements and peace of the past eight years should be cherished, and that it would not tolerate any Taiwan independence activities.
“On important issues of principle like protecting the country’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, our will is as hard as rock,” it said.
China was willing to have exchanges with any party, as long as they recognise both sides of the Taiwan Strait belong to one China, it added.
Support for the DPP has swelled since 2014, when hundreds of students occupied Taiwan’s parliament for weeks protesting against a China trade bill in the largest display of anti-China sentiment the island had seen in years.
Outside DPP headquarters, supporters cried for joy.
Optometrist David Chen, 28, said he wanted Tsai to stand up to China.
“We’re not a part of China. I definitely think we should exist as two countries,” he told Reuters. “If it’s possible for Tsai, I want her to push for independence. More and more Taiwanese people want this.”
Tsai, a lawyer, got an even stronger mandate as the DPP also won a majority in parliament in polls held the same day.
Tsai will have to balance the superpower interests of China, which is also Taiwan’s largest trading partner, and the United States with those of her freewheeling, democratic home.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP, AP, REUTERS)
Date created : 2016-01-16