Former Chadian dictator Hissene Habré, sentenced to life in May for war crimes and crimes against humanity, was ordered by a court in Senegal on Friday to pay up to 30,000 euros to each of his victims.
Up to 40,000 people died in Chad during Habré’s rule between 1982 and 1990. For his surviving victims, his conviction in May was a landmark case in African justice against his brutal regime, which ended with Habré pocketing $11 million from public coffers before living a comfortable exile in Senegal
The ruling also marks the first time in the world that the courts of one country have prosecuted the former ruler of another country.
The special Extraordinary African Chambers court, set up by the African Union specifically to try Habré – once dubbed “Africa’s Pinochet” – ordered that he pay compensation to victims of rape, arbitrary detention and imprisonment.
The court's presiding judge, Burkina Faso's Gberdao Gustave Kam, did not state how many people were involved.
But the main lawyer for the victims of Habre's rule, Jacqueline Moudeina, told journalists there were 4,733 civil plaintiffs involved, including 1,625 who were direct victims of his regime, having either been detained or having escaped detention.
The court ordered Habre "to pay each of the victims of rape and sexual slavery the sum of 20 million CFA francs (30,490 euros) to each victim of arbitrary detention; prisoners of war and escapees the sum of 15 million CFA francs; and to indirect victims, 10 million," Kam said.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)
Date created : 2016-07-29