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france 24 France

Last unaccompanied minors bussed out of Calais 'Jungle' camp

© Unaccompanied migrant minors housed in specially outfitted shipping containers before their transfer to reception centres around France.

Video by FRANCE 24

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2016-11-02

The last group of unaccompanied minors boarded buses to leave the former "Jungle" migrant camp in the northern French port of Calais on Wednesday for shelters across France, police said.

The last of 38 buses departed in the late afternoon from a park of shipping containers where a total of 1,616 young people had been housed for the past week, police said.

The dismantling of the camp that once housed up to 10,000 migrants, most of whom hoped to reach Britain, was completed on Monday night.

Over 4,000 adults who had been living in tents and shacks – mainly Afghans, Eritreans and Sudanese – were moved to reception centres across France last week, before the bulldozers moved in.

That left nearly 1,500 underage migrants, who stayed behind in a secure container park run by an NGO, and around 400 women and children living in a separate care facility a few hundred metres away.

The plight of the unaccompanied children has been the subject of testy exchanges between France and Britain.

France is hoping that Britain will take in most of the unaccompanied minors who travelled alone across the Mediterranean and up through Europe, in the hope of stowing away on trucks crossing the Channel to England.

After initially dragging its heels on the issue, Britain in mid-October speeded up the transfer of child refugees.

In the past two weeks it has taken in around 300 children with family or contacts across the Channel and promised to take hundreds more.

Some aid agencies have warned that scattering the children around France could hold up that process.

French authorities have assured that the minors will still be able to pursue their dream of reaching Britain from the far-flung shelters to which they are sent.

"No further transfer applications will be handled in Calais," an official document circulated among the teens Tuesday read.

The lure of Calais

France's Socialist government had been under pressure to move the remaining minors out of Calais, to avoid the re-emergence of a new shanty town.

Various squalid settlements have existed for decades around the city, which is home to one of the country's biggest ports and the Channel Tunnel rail link connecting France and Britain.

Over the past year the "Jungle" had mushroomed in size as hundreds of thousands of people fleeing war, poverty and persecution in the Middle East and Africa poured into Europe.

Speaking to La Voix du Nord local newspaper Tuesday, President François Hollande vowed there would be "no new settlement" on the site of the "Jungle".

"It has been evacuated. It will be secured. No one else will be able to move there," he said.

Some minors fear that being moved away from the Channel coast will diminish their chances of making it to Britain.

"Around half" of the under-18s moved to children's shelters in eastern and western France last week had already slipped away, the head of the France Terre d'Asile charity, Pierre Henry, said.

"They want to return to Calais," he said.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

Date created : 2016-11-02

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