Gambia's leader of some 22 years Yahya Jammeh announced late Friday he would no longer accept defeat in recent elections, plunging the West African country into turmoil with a demand for fresh polls.
Investigations into the December 1 vote have revealed a string of "unacceptable errors" on the part of electoral authorities, Jammeh said in a speech broadcast on state television, adding that he would no longer concede to opponent Adama Barrow.
"In the same way that I accepted the results faithfully believing that the Independent Electoral Commission was independent and honest and reliable, I hereby reject the results in totality," he said.
"Let me repeat: I will not accept the results based on what has happened," he added, warning Gambians not to take to the streets to protest against his decision.
Gambian authorities on Saturday refused entry to the chair of the regional Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS), Ellen Sirleaf Johnson, dampening hopes for a political solution.
Soldiers were seen placing sandbags in strategic locations across the capital Banjul on Friday, triggering unease among a population that had been panic-buying food even before the vote due to fears of unrest.
As the military deployed onto the streets, the US embassy in Banjul urged the army to continue to show "respect for the rule of law and the outcome of the presidential election".
"The Gambian people have made a clear choice for change and a new start," the embassy added.
Latest official figures gave Barrow 43.29 percent of the votes in the presidential election, while Jammeh took 39.64 percent. The turnout was estimated at 59 percent.
Opposition spokeswoman Isatou Touray criticised a "violation of democracy" on social media and called for people to "remain calm, lucid, vigilant and not retreat".
On December 2, Jammeh made a magnanimous concession speech on television and promised a peaceful and swift handover of power to President-elect Barrow, sparking celebrations in the country.
But on Friday he cited errors that were responsible for awarding victory to his opponent with a slimmer margin than initially announced, claiming that numerous voters had not been able to cast their ballots.
"This is the most dubious election we ever had in the history of this country," he said.
"We will go back to the polls because I want to make sure every Gambian votes under an electoral commission that is impartial, independent, neutral and free from foreign influence," he said.
Neighbouring Senegal immediately condemned the development, calling for a UN Security Council meeting on Gambia and urging Jammeh to accept the "democratic choice, freely expressed by the Gambian people" and continue a peaceful transition of power.
The US State Department called the move a "reprehensible and unacceptable breach of faith with the people of The Gambia and an egregious attempt to undermine a credible election process and remain in power illegitimately".
"We call upon President Jammeh, who accepted the election results on December 2, to carry out an orderly transition of power to President-Elect Barrow in accordance with the Gambian constitution," spokesman Mark Toner said.
Jammeh's move upends the situation in Gambia, where the population had been hoping for a peaceful democratic transition after Barrow's shock victory this month ended Jammeh's more than two decades in power.
But pressure to prosecute Jammeh and top figures in his administration, who have been accused of widespread human rights violations, is one of the key challenges facing the new government.
Many Gambians had tired of their leader's unpredictable behaviour, including the declaration of an Islamic republic in a country with a history of religious tolerance, and its withdrawal from the Commonwealth and the International Criminal Court.
The perception that Jammeh simply took over businesses and properties for his personal gain also angered many, while police harassment and the impunity of the security services – especially the National Intelligence Agency that reports directly to Jammeh – fuelled growing resentment.
Barrow had vowed to set up a South Africa-style truth commission but ruled out a political "witch hunt" and promised that his predecessor would be able to "live in Gambia like any ordinary citizen".
Dozens of opposition activists, including the leader of the United Democratic Party, were freed from prison on bail this week.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)
Date created : 2016-12-10