- Barack Obama - Cuba - Fidel Castro - US politics
Reuters - President Barack Obama opened a crack on Monday in a decades-old U.S. embargo of communist Cuba, allowing U.S. telecommunications firms to start doing business there and relaxing other restrictions on the island.
As part of a major shift from the Bush administration's more hardline approach to Havana, Obama lifted limits on family travel and money transfers by Cuban Americans in the United States to Cuba.
The decisions unveiled by the White House do not eliminate Washington's trade embargo against Cuba set up 47 years ago, but it does hold out the prospect for improving ties between the two longtime foes.
"The president has directed that a series of steps be taken to reach out to the Cuban people to support their desire to enjoy basic human rights," White House spokesman Robert Gibbs told reporters. "These are actions he has taken to open up the flow of information."
Administration officials said Obama hoped the new measures would encourage Cuba's one-party state to implement democratic reforms long demanded by Washington as a condition for removing sanctions imposed after Fidel Castro took power in 1959.
Shares of companies that stand to gain from a thaw in U.S. ties with Cuba soared on the news, led by Canadian mining and energy company Sherritt International, a major player in Cuba's nickel and oil industry, whose stock rose 24.5 percent.
Shares of Miami-based cruise operator Royal Caribbean also jumped on hopes that the No. 2 cruise ship operator and rival Carnival, could sail to Cuba, just 90 miles (140 km) from the United States.
U.S. telecommunications companies will now be allowed to set up fiber-optic cable and satellite links with Cuba, start roaming service agreements and permit U.S. residents to pay for telecoms, satellite radio and satellite television services provided to individuals in Cuba, the White House said.
While they insistently call for an end to the U.S. embargo, Cuba's leaders have in the past reacted with caution and suspicion to initiatives presented by Washington as seeking to "open up" Cuba's political system.
Havana traditionally rejects arguments that it needs western-style democracy and has resisted as "subversive" past U.S. efforts to channel funds and communications equipment to dissidents and independent journalists on the island.
Signaling prospects for further gestures, Obama also directed his government to look starting regularly scheduled commercial flights to Cuba. Air travel between the United States and Cuba is limited to charter flights at present.
Praise and criticism
Supporters of easing U.S. sanctions against Cuba hailed the family-related policy changes, which will affect an estimated 1.5 million Americans who have relatives in Cuba.
They voiced hope it would lead to even bolder steps by Obama to dismantle the trade embargo, which critics argue is an obsolete policy that has failed to foster change in Cuba despite being maintained by successive U.S. administrations.
But conservative critics of Obama's strategy said it would provide an increased cash flow to help prop up Cuba's communist government.
Obama had promised in the presidential campaign to allow Cuban Americans to travel more freely to Cuba and increase financial help to family members, but insisted he would not end the trade embargo until Cuba showed progress toward democracy.
But some opposition Republicans opposed the limited moves announced on Monday.
Obama's gesture appeared intended to signal a new attitude toward both Cuba and other Latin American countries that have pressed Washington to end a trade embargo that has sought to isolate Havana for more than four decades.
It also comes ahead of Obama's attendance at a Summit of the Americas in Trinidad later this week.
Cuba is among the U.S. foes Obama has said he would be willing to engage diplomatically, instead of shunning them as his predecessor George W. Bush did.
"I enthusiastically applaud this, it is ground breaking ... ... I sincerely hope that this is the beginning of even more relaxation," said Silvia Wilhelm, executive director of the Miami-based Cuban American Commission for Family Rights.
Until now, Cubans living in the United States had been allowed to travel to the island only once a year and were limited to send only $1,200 per person in cash to needy family members in Cuba.
Obama faced some resistance in Congress, especially from opposition Republicans.
"President Obama has committed a serious mistake by unilaterally increasing Cuban-American travel and remittance dollars for the Cuban dictatorship," said Lincoln Diaz-Balart and Mario Diaz-Balart, both U.S. lawmakers for Florida, home to the largest Cuban exile community in the United States.
The two congressmen accused Obama of violating a broad pledge he made at his inauguration in January to "extend a hand" to autocratic rulers around the world on the condition they relaxed their grip on power and opened up to democracy.