Jordan has been careful to maintain a neutral stance with regard to its neighbour Syria and has pushed for a political solution to end the country’s two-year civil war. At the end of August, Jordan’s King Abdullah reiterated his firm opposition to any military intervention, while a senior diplomat told AFP that Amman would categorically not act “as a launch pad” for an attack on Syria. However, according to some sources, American and British forces have trained Syrian rebels on Jordanian territory and the country already has US Patriot missiles ready to be launched.
Iran is a longstanding ally of Bashar al-Assad and has persistently warned western nations on the dangers of intervention in Syria . Tehran has also said it is willing to help find a political solution to the country’s two year civil war.
Saudi Arabia is one of the region’s biggest material supporters of the Syrian rebel coalition. Riyadh has consistently called for Syrian President Bashar al-Assad to step down and backs foreign military intervention. On September 1, Saudi diplomats voiced open support for intervention at the Arab League meeting in Cairo .
Cairo is in a delicate position. The interim authorities have said they firmly oppose military intervention – contrary to the posture of deposed president Mohammed Morsi – fearing for regional stability if Syria is attacked. But Egypt is also under pressure from Saudi Arabia , a supporter of intervention, which is also bankrolling the country as its political crisis continues.
Turkey has been a supporter of the Syrian rebels since the early days of the conflict, providing both weapons and cash. It is the only country in the region that has openly declared that any military intervention should be aimed at the complete removal of the Damascus regime.