Pope defends Church's war record in synagogue visit
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Pope Benedict XVI visited the main Synagogue of Rome, where Italian Jewish leaders took issue with the possible beatification of Pope Pius XII, who many argue did not do enough to save Jews during the Holocaust.
REUTERS - An Italian Jewish leader told Pope Benedict on Sunday that his wartime predecessor Pius XII should have spoken out more forcefully against the Holocaust to show solidarity with Jews being led to the “ovens of Auschwitz”.
The comments, from the president of Rome’s Jewish community Riccardo Pacifici, were made during the pope’s first visit to Rome’s synagogue and were some of the bluntest ever spoken by a Jewish leader in public to a pope.
“The silence of Pius XII before the Shoah, still hurts because something should have been done,” Pacifici told the pope, using the Hebrew word for the Holocaust.
“Maybe it would not have stopped the death trains, but it would have sent a signal, a word of extreme comfort, of human solidarity, towards those brothers of ours transported to the ovens of Auschwitz,” he said.
The visit, Benedict’s third trip to a Jewish temple since becoming pope in 2005, has deeply split Italy’s Jewish community after he advanced Pius XII on the path towards sainthood last month. Many Jews say Pius, who reigned from 1939 to 1958, did not do enough to help Jews facing persecution by Nazi Germany.
In his speech to the pope, Pacifici paid tribute to the many Italian Catholics and priests and nuns during the war and said their efforts made Pius’ “silence” hurt even more.
The Vatican maintains that Pius was not silent during the war, but chose to work behind the scenes, concerned that public intervention would have worsened the situation for both Jews and Catholics in a wartime Europe dominated by Hitler.
Benedict was welcomed by Rome and international Jewish leaders as he arrived at the synagogue on the banks of the Tiber a short distance from the Vatican to begin the two-hour visit.
Before entering the temple, Jewish leaders showed the pope a plaque recalling the deportation of Rome Jews by Germans on Oct. 16, 1943 and another to a two-year-old boy killed in a gun and grenade attack on the synagogue in 1982.
The visit comes 24 years after Pope John Paul became the first pope in nearly 2,000 years to enter a synagogue and called Jews « our beloved elder brothers ».
But reflecting the anger at Benedict in the Jewish community, at least one senior rabbi and one Holocaust survivor boycotted the visit.
Jewish groups reacted angrily last month when Benedict, a German who was drafted into the Hitler Youth and German army as a teenager during World War Two, approved a decree recognising Pius’s « heroic virtues ».
The two remaining steps to sainthood are beatification and canonisation, which could take many years. Jewish groups wanted the process frozen until more Vatican archives are opened to scholars.