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NATO airstrike killed dozens of civilians, Libya says

Libyan authorities said on Tuesday that 85 civilians had been killed overnight after NATO missiles struck the village of Majar, 150 kilometres east of Tripoli. NATO officials in Brussels said the target was a military staging area.


REUTERS - Libyan officials said on Tuesday dozens of civilians had been killed in a NATO strike on a cluster of farmhouses east of Tripoli, but the alliance said it hit a legitimate military target.

A strike causing large numbers of civilian casualties could undermine support in some NATO nations for a campaign to oust Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi that has proved much longer, bloodier and more costly than its backers had expected.

Libyan state television showed on Tuesday what it said was footage of Muammar Gaddafi’s son Khamis, who rebels said last week had been killed, visiting Libyans wounded in an air attack east of Tripoli.

The Libyan government has denied rebel claims that Khamis, commander of one of Gaddafi’s most loyal and best-equipped units, had been killed by a NATO air strike near Zlitan.

Libyan TV said the footage was recorded on Tuesday. If genuine, it would be the first visual proof by Gaddafi’s government that Khamis Gaddafi was still alive.


A spokesman for Gaddafi’s government, who took foreign reporters to the scene of the strike, said 85 people had been killed when missiles struck farm compounds in the village of Majar, about 150 km (90 miles) east of Tripoli.

He said the dead were 33 children, 32 women and 20 men.

Standing on a pile of rubble, Moussa Ibrahim told reporters: “This is a crime beyond imagination. Everything about this place is civilian.”

There was no evidence of weaponry at the farmhouses but neither was there immediately visible blood or body parts.

Government officials provided footage that appeared to show men combing through the rubble at one of the bomb sites at night retrieving human remains, including the bodies of two children.

This correspondent, taken to the hospital in Zlitan by Libyan government officials, counted 20 body bags in one area, some of them stacked one on top of the other.

Most of the dead at the Zlitan hospital appeared to be men but some were children. Medical workers opened some of the body bags. One contained the body of a child who appeared to be about two years old. Another had inside the remains of a child.

In total, reporters saw about 30 bodies at the Zlitan hospital. Officials said the rest of the people killed in the air strike had been taken to other hospitals, but Reuters was unable to verify that information independently.

Hundreds of men also attended a burial in Majar, carrying a parade of simple wooden coffins, draped with flags.

“They (NATO) do not differentiate between soldiers, children and old people,” said Abdulkader Al-Hawali, a fifth-year medical student at the hospital in Zlitan.

At a news conference in Brussels, a NATO military spokesman said the target of the strikes was a military staging area which was being used to support government attacks on civilians.

“This was a legitimate target and by striking it NATO has reduced the pro-Gaddafi forces’ ability to threaten and attack civilians,” Colonel Roland Lavoie told a regular briefing.

“We do not have evidence of civilian casualties at this stage, although casualties among military personnel, including mercenaries, are very likely due to the nature of the target.”

NATO forces have been mounting regular attacks, from both sea and air, on targets around Zlitan, where the alliance says government forces are killing and persecuting civilians who are trying to end his 41-year rule.

Gaddafi has denied attacking civilians, and says the NATO bombing campaign is an act of colonial aggression aimed at stealing Libya’s plentiful oil.

Libya’s conflict began in February when thousands of people protested against Gaddafi.

Western powers say the Libyan leader must relinquish power
but despite months of pounding by NATO bombs, defections from
his inner circle and international sanctions, Gaddafi is showing no signs of wanting to quit.

In an effort to tighten the noose, the European Union is set this week to widen sanctions by adding a Libyan oil firm and a government administrative department to a blacklist, bringing to 49 the number of Libyan entities targeted by EU sanctions.

“These measures show the determination of the international community in maintaining the isolation of the regime in Tripoli,” the French Foreign Ministry said in a statement.

Power and petrol shortages have been worsening in Gaddafi’s Tripoli stronghold, deepening public frustration.

NATO said on Tuesday its warplanes had also bombed a Libyan
warship docked in Tripoli after observing that weapons were being taken from it that were expected to be used in attacks.

Rebel reshuffle

Gaddafi’s rebel opponents, meanwhile, are struggling to advance towards Tripoli and their administration in the eastern city of Benghazi was rocked by the assassination last month of the rebel military chief.

Mustafa Abdel Jalil, leader of the rebel National
Transitional Council, dismissed the council’s executive arm on Monday in what analysts said was an effort to restore the opposition’s credibility.

If confirmed, the casualties in the village of Majar would not be the first time that NATO activity in Libya has resulted in civilian deaths.

In June, NATO admitted it destroyed a house in Tripoli in which Libyan officials said nine civilians were killed. The alliance blamed a missile malfunction.

Shortly afterwards, the Libyan government reported almost 20 people were killed in a strike on the home of a member of Libya’s 12-strong Revolutionary Command Council, led by Gaddafi.

Libyan officials say hundreds of civilians have been killed since the NATO bombing campaign began. But in most cases they have not supplied firm proof while in some instances the evidence provided has been contradictory.

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