Ten key dates on the path towards Palestinian statehood
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A look back at Palestinian efforts to achieve statehood over the last 60 years reveals a turbulent history of negotiations, proclamations, breakthroughs and setbacks. Here are several key dates on the long road towards Palestinian statehood.
Nov. 29, 1947: The UN partitions the British Mandate of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. Jewish leadership accepts, Arab leadership rejects.
May 28, 1964: The Arab League founds the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) in Cairo. The PLO charter expresses the goal of self-determination for Palestinians and the rejection of the creation of the state of Israel.
Nov. 22, 1974: The UN grants the PLO observer status and recognises the Palestinians' right to independence.
Nov. 15, 1988: The Palestinian National Council (the PLO’s legislative body) unilaterally declares a State of Palestine at a meeting in Algeria.
Sept. 13, 1993: The Oslo Accords are signed in Washington, providing a temporary five-year framework during which a final agreement would be negotiated and granting limited autonomy to Palestinian territories.
July, 2000: Hosted by US president Bill Clinton, the Camp David summit between Israeli prime minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian Authority chairman Yasser Arafat fails to establish a final peace deal. The main sticking points are the status of Jerusalem and the rights of Palestinian refugees.
March 12, 2002: UN Security Council Resolution 1397 explicitly calls for a two-state solution.
April 30, 2003: Publication of the “road map” drafted by the Mideast quartet (the US, EU, UN and Russia) stipulating the creation of a Palestinian state by 2005. The plan is accepted by Palestinian authorities, but Israel announces 14 additional conditions.
June 14, 2009: Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu endorses a “demilitarised” Palestinian state under certain strict conditions, including Palestinian recognition of Israel as the Jewish homeland and Israel’s retaining all of Jerusalem and certain West Bank settlements.
June 26, 2011: Palestinian Authority president Mahmoud Abbas announces the decision to apply for UN recognition of Palestinian statehood.
September 23, 2011: An application is submitted to the UN Security Council to add a Palestinian state to the list of United Nations member nations, but a lack of support means the submission is dropped less than two months later.
October 30, 2011: The state of Palestine becomes a full member of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). In response, the United States suspends its funding of the organisation, a sum which represents 22 percent of UNESCO’s overall budget.
November 29, 2012: The Palestinian Authority is set to submit a draft resolution to the UN General Assembly on raising Palestine to “non-member observer status”.