Malaysian PM dissolves parliament ahead of election challenge
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Malaysia's Prime Minister Najib Razak dissolved parliament on Wednesday ahead of a general election that is likely to mount a serious challenge to the ruling coalition that has led the country since its independence in 1957.
Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak dissolved parliament Wednesday in preparation for a general election seen as the toughest challenge yet for the ruling coalition after 56 years in power.
The vote is tipped to be the closest ever, driven by concerns over corruption, the rising cost of living, and high crime under the Barisan Nasional coalition which has ruled Malaysia since independence in 1957.
The resurgent opposition, led by charismatic former deputy premier Anwar Ibrahim at the helm of the three-party Pakatan Rakyat (People's Pact), has gained traction by pledging to tackle authoritarianism and graft.
But with widespread allegations of vote-rigging, there are fears that the election, which must be staged in the next 60 days but is likely to be held this month, will not be free and fair.
In his televised announcement of the dissolution of parliament, Najib, the son of a former prime minister, urged political parties to observe the rule of law and promised a smooth transition of power if the opposition wins.
"If there is change in power, it will and must happen peacefully. This is our commitment," he said.
Najib is facing his first test at the ballot box since taking over in 2009, after the coalition lost its traditional two-thirds parliamentary majority in a shock election result.
In Wednesday's broadcast, he urged the electorate not to "gamble" away their vote by opting for an untested opposition.
But Anwar said Najib's leadership was showing "signs of desperation".
"For Pakatan Rakyat it is the best possible chance to offer a viable alternative for democracy and a more responsible government. I think the chances of winning are very good," he told AFP.
"My major concern is they may resort to fraud during the polls and violence in the run-up to the elections," said Anwar, who was sacked and jailed in the late 1990s on sodomy charges widely seen as politically motivated.
He was acquitted of new sodomy allegations in 2012 after a two-year trial during which he accused the government of again trying to end his career and the challenge he posed to the political establishment.
Activists and the opposition have made loud calls for free and fair elections, staging several mass rallies calling for change, including a clean-up of the electoral roll which they say is marred with irregularities.
In response, Najib's government has taken steps including the introduction of indelible ink to prevent multiple-voting and allowing Malaysians abroad to vote by post.
But the opposition says these moves fall short of creating a level playing field.
Independent pollster Ibrahim Suffian with Merdeka Center said he expects elections to be held on the week of April 27 as campaign periods between nomination and polling days have traditionally been less than two weeks.
"The campaign period will be short -- between 12 to 14 days," he said.
Najib has worked hard to rebrand his United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), which dominates the 13-member Barisan coalition by launching a series of reforms aimed at boosting the economy and granting greater civil liberties.
It currently holds 75 of 222 parliamentary seats and controls four of the country's 13 states.
UMNO's uninterrupted rule has seen decades of economic expansion and there was better-than-expected 5.6 percent growth last year, spurred by consumer spending supported by pre-election direct cash handouts and other incentives.
But criticism of the government's authoritarian rule is growing and the opposition is promising a new era of political liberalisation and an end to entrenched corruption.
It dismisses Najib's reforms as window-dressing, and promises to stamp out graft and channel money now allegedly given to government cronies towards free education, cutting taxes and increasing subsidies.
It has also vowed to address complaints of discrimination against minority ethnic Chinese and Indians, who account for about a third of the population which is dominated by Muslim Malays.