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Colombia and FARC rebels reach deal to battle drug trade

Photo: FRANCE 24

Colombia’s government and main rebel group on Friday announced an agreement to jointly combat illicit drugs in the South American country, which was long the world’s leading cocaine producer.

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Under the accord, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, known as the FARC, agreed to divorce itself completely from the drug trade.

DEA and Colombian authorities have said that some FARC fronts are involved in the production and sales of drugs to Mexican and Colombian traffickers and through Venezuelan intermediaries. In the past, the FARC had denied any involvement in trafficking, claiming it only taxes producers. Peru recently overtook Colombia in cultivation of coca, the crop used to produce cocaine.

“What we have agreed upon recognises that in order to set the bases for a stable and lasting peace in Colombia it is necessary to find a definitive solution to the problem of illicit drugs,” said a statement from the talks read at a news conference in Havana.

It was the latest agreement reached during months of talks in the Cuban capital. The two sides earlier reached accords on agrarian reform and the political participation for the FARC, but none of them will take effect until all items on the agenda for negotiations are settled. The FARC is the Western Hemisphere’s last remaining major leftist insurgency, having taken up arms a half century ago.

Key timing

The announcement comes a little more than a week before elections in Colombia, involving incumbent President Juan Manuel Santos, who launched the peace talks, and his main challenger, Oscar Ivan Zuluaga, who opposes them.

Zuluaga, a protégé of former President Alvaro Uribe, argues that the FARC needs to end hostilities for talks to continue and should not be permitted into national politics.

Earlier in the day, the FARC and Colombia’s other main rebel group, the National Liberation Army, issued an unusual joint statement declaring a halt in fighting for eight days, from May 20-28, around Colombia’s May 25 presidential election.

Pablo Catatumbo, a FARC delegate at the peace talks in Havana, said rebel units were under orders to halt all offensive operations against the Colombian military or infrastructure during that period.

"The insurgency doesn't believe in the Colombian electoral system," he said. "Nevertheless, we believe that a national clamour [for peace] should be heeded.

"Besides, we do it as a light of hope for a bilateral ceasefire," he said.

Rebels have tried to disrupt past presidential elections and often dismiss Colombia’s electoral politics as a sport dominated by the country’s elites, so the ceasefire appears to be a vote of confidence in the Havana-based peace talks launched in November 2012 by Santos. The FARC also declared a ceasefire during March legislative elections.

‘A clear message’

Santos, who is seeking re-election, has been under attack from his main rivals for breaking with the policy of Uribe, whose relentless, US-backed military pressure had seriously weakened the guerrilla forces.

Conservative Party candidate Marta Lucia Ramirez said the rebel announcement “is a cease-fire in which the FARC joins the presidential campaign” of Santos.

Zuluaga, running second behind Santos in most polls, said that “the halt to criminal actions should be indefinite and verifiable”. But the action was welcomed by pro-Santos Senator Roy Barreras, who said it “is a clear message Colombians that peace is close and is possible”.

"Today we are very close, closer than ever to obtaining peace," Santos told supporters in Bogota.

"This is a definite step, an important step, and great news for Colombia and for the whole world."

Both of Colombia’s rebel groups formed in the 1960s as an outgrowth of rural movements that sought a more equitable distribution of land.

The FARC has about 8,000 members still in arms.

Meanwhile, four presumed members of the FARC died in an explosion, apparently while mishandling explosives, according to Patricia Velez, mayor of the town of Planadas, where the blast occurred. She said the dead included three adults and one minor.

(FRANCE 24 with AP, AFP)

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