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BNP Paribas admits violating US sanctions, to pay $8.8 bn

AFP file picture

French bank BNP Paribas on Monday pleaded guilty to two criminal charges and agreed to pay $8.83 billion to settle allegations that it had violated US sanctions laws.


A lawyer for BNP briefly appeared in New York state court to answer one count of falsifying business records, and one count of conspiracy.

One of the prosecutors said BNP engaged in a “long-term, multi-jurisdictional conspiracy” to violate sanctions by facilitating transactions involving Sudan, Cuba, and Iran.

In an unprecedented move, regulators also banned BNP for a year from conducting certain US dollar transactions, a critical part of the bank’s international business.

The authorities said the severe penalties were warranted because of BNP’s persistent and deliberate violations and desire to put profits first, even after US officials warned the bank of its obligation to investigate and halt illicit money flows.

The bank essentially functioned as the “central bank for the government of Sudan”, covered its tracks and failed to cooperate when first contacted by law enforcement, Deputy Attorney General James Cole said in announcing the settlement.

The bank’s general counsel, Georges Dirani, briefly appeared in New York state court to plead guilty to one count of falsifying business records and one count of conspiracy.

US authorities also found that BNP Paribas had evaded sanctions against entities in Iran and Cuba, in part by stripping information from wire transfers so they could pass through the US system without raising red flags.

The Department of Justice said BNP's illicit Iranian transactions were done on behalf of clients that included a petroleum company based in Dubai that was effectively a front for an Iranian petroleum company.

With its Sudanese clients, the bank admitted it set up elaborate payment structures that routed transactions through satellite banks to disguise their origin.

Manhattan District Attorney Cyrus Vance said prosecutors had insisted on a guilty plea because of how long the conduct went on – even well after the probe began – the volume of the transactions, and the nature of the conduct itself.

Richard Weber, chief of the Internal Revenue Service Criminal Investigation, said BNP committed “literally thousands of flagrant violations”.

Internal bank memos showed that BNP officials, while aware of the humanitarian crisis in Sudan and the Sudanese government's ties with al Qaeda founder Osama bin Laden, chose to continue to do business with the country because it was commercially attractive.

“BNPP banked on never being held to account for its criminal support of countries and entities engaged in acts of terrorism and other atrocities, but that is exactly what we did today,” said Manhattan US Attorney Preet Bharara, whose office helped prosecute the case.

Individual culpability

The penalties against France’s largest bank are far bigger than those against Credit Suisse in May, which became the largest bank in decades to plead guilty to a US criminal charge for helping Americans evade taxes.

No individuals were charged on Monday, but US authorities said they have not wrapped up their probes.

“The case which BNP is pleading to now is against the corporation alone, but our investigation into potential individual culpability is continuing,” Vance said in an interview with Reuters.

BNP said it would take an exceptional charge of €5.8 billion ($7.91 billion) in the second quarter of this year, and that it would hold a conference call for investors on Tuesday.

“We deeply regret the past misconduct that led to this settlement,” BNP Chief Executive Officer Jean-Laurent Bonnafe said in a statement. “We have announced today a comprehensive plan to strengthen our internal controls and processes.”

The bank will need to suspend its so-called dollar-clearing operations through its New York branch and other US affiliates throughout all of 2015 at the business lines where the misconduct took place, the authorities said.

The temporary ban could trigger a client exodus, and it is not clear how BNP may blunt its impact.

Some of the business lines affected were dollar clearing on behalf of the oil and gas finance business from Geneva, Paris and Singapore, the trade finance business from Milan, and for oil- and gas-related clients from Rome.

In addition, the bank will need to prohibit all US dollar clearing as a correspondent bank for unaffiliated third-party banks in New York and London for two years.

France's bank supervisor ACPR said that the bank could cope with the sanctions without risking its financial health, and the country's Finance Minister Michel Sapin said the bank "will still be able to finance economic activity" in France.



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