Clashes as Egypt drops murder charge against Mubarak
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An Egyptian court on Saturday dropped murder charges against former president Hosni Mubarak over the deaths of protesters in the 2011 uprising that deposed him. Mubarak will remain in prison on a three-year sentence in a separate corruption case.
The court also cleared Mubarak and a former oil minister of graft charges related to gas exports to Israel.
The verdict sparked clashes between police and about 1,000 protesters who gathered in central Cairo to denounce the decision. A health ministry official said one person was shot dead after police fired teargas to disperse the crowd.
The Saturday ruling included the acquittal of all seven of the former security chiefs who were also facing murder charges in connection with the deaths of protesters during the 2011 uprising that ousted Mubarak.
Judge Mahmud Kamel al-Rashidi declared that the security commanders, including Mubarak's former interior minister Habib al-Adly, were "innocent".
About 800 people were killed during the 18-day uprising that unseated Mubarak, during which protesters clashed with police across the country and torched police stations.
Cheers broke out in the courtroom and Mubarak's two sons – and co-defendants – stooped down to kiss his forehead when the judge read out the verdict, as Mubarak lay in an upright stretcher inside the caged dock.
The sons, Alaa and Gamal, had been charged with corruption, but Judge Rashidi also dropped that case.
The usually stone-faced Mubarak, wearing his trademark shades, allowed himself a faint smile.
His lawyer Farid al-Deeb told AFP that the verdict was "a good ruling that proved the integrity of Mubarak's era".
An appeals court had overturned an initial life sentence for Mubarak in 2012 on a technicality.
Mubarak's successor, Mohamed Morsi, a leader of the Islamist Muslim Brotherhood opposition group under Mubarak, was overthrown by the army himself in 2012 following massive protests.
Mubarak's supporters leapt out of their benches in celebration when the judge pronounced the verdict, chanting: "Say the truth, don't be scared – Mubarak is innocent." Some rushed over to congratulate his lawyer.
Saturday's ruling came after a retrial lasting more than a year in which many witnesses, including his former police and intelligence commanders, appeared to exonerate him in their testimony.
Outside the court venue, a sprawling police academy on Cairo's outskirts, relatives of those killed in the 18-day uprising were appalled at the ruling.
"It's an oppressive ruling. The blood of my son has been wasted," said Mostafa Morsi, whose son was killed outside a police station during the uprising.
Protesters at the time vented years of pent-up fury over police abuses and corruption by attacking and torching stations across the country, leaving the interior ministry on the brink of collapse.
Other opponents of the former strongman outside the court would only comment in dismay: "Allah is sufficient for us, and he is the best custodian."
Judge Rashidi, 63, suggested his ruling was made with a clear conscience.
"God will ask me what did you do in this world, and specifically what did you do as a judge," he told the court before pronouncing his verdict.
He said he dropped the murder charge against Mubarak because the prosecution should not have added him to the case they had initially made against his security chiefs.
During the retrial, Mubarak told the court that he was innocent and praised his own rule, saying it was a time of economic growth.
"The Hosni Mubarak before you would never have ordered the killings of protesters," he said.
Mubarak had pleaded to stay on as president for a few months during the 2011 uprising to oversee the writing of a new constitution, but the hundreds of thousands of protesters who rallied daily demanded he step down immediately.
Since then, Mubarak-era officials have made a comeback, using a widespread backlash against former opposition figures blamed for the tumult since the strongman's overthrow.
Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab was a senior official in Mubarak's now dissolved party, something that would have been unthinkable in the months following his ouster.
Mubarak's former military intelligence chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi is now president, having won an election after overthrowing Morsi last year.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP, REUTERS)