French health minister seeks to ban new 'e-joints'
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France's health minister is looking to curtail sales of a new electronic cigarette containing cannabis that was launched on Tuesday, claiming it will "incite" people to use marijuana.
The new e-cigarette claim to provide the same relaxation as smoking marijuana but without the mind-altering effects.
The product was launched by a French-Czech company called Kanavape, which says it hopes to offer "millions of people a legal and flavourful way to consume cannabis".
"It will not make you 'high' but will help you relax,'' says a statement on the company's website.
Health Minister Marisol Touraine said the product would "incite the consumption of cannabis" and announced her intention to call on French courts to ban it.
"I am opposed to such a product being commercialised in France," she told RTL radio.
Smoking e-cigarettes, or "vaping", is fashionable in France, and while people have long since figured out how to doctor them to smoke marijuana – as evidenced by hundreds of YouTube how-to videos on the subject – Kanavape claims its product is 100 percent legal.
Antonin Cohen, one of the two producers of the Kanavape, told journalists at the launch that it "has no psychotic or psychotropic effects and cannot be considered an alternative to a joint".
The company extracts cannabidiol – a compound in cannabis that does not contain the mind-altering THC ingredient – from hemp, a variety of cannabis grown for fibre and seeds.
"Kanavape is a hemp vaporiser, a variety which has no recreational use because it does not contain THC," or Tetrahydrocannabinol, which creates euphoria by stimulating cells in the brain to release dopamine, said Cohen.
The hemp is grown on farms in France, Spain and the Czech Republic without chemicals or fertiliser, the company says on its website.
"The virtues of cannabidiol are many, particularly with benefits for stress, relaxation, sleep," the company said.
Cohen said the concentration of the extract was very low and that the product was aimed "at consumers of electronic cigarettes and people who smoke tobacco or other substances".
Experts raise doubts
Addiction specialists and even members of the pro-medical marijuana lobby were sceptical about Kanavape.
"They are just releasing a product for buzz, to attract attention," said Fabienne Lopez, the head of an association that promotes the medical use of cannabis.
She expressed reservations about the therapeutic effects of the product, fearing it could create confusion among those who were seriously ill and looking for pain relief.
According to the French Observatory for Drugs and Addiction, some 1.2 million people in France regularly smoke cannabis, that is, more than 10 times a month.
Recreational use of marijuana is still illegal in France, however the country now allows the drug's active ingredients to be used for medical purposes.
In January a mouth spray used to treat multiple sclerosis (MS) symptoms called Sativex which contained both THC and cannabidiol became the first cannabis-derived drug approved in the country.
Touraine has sought to crack down on e-cigarette use and in May announced they would face the same restrictions as normal tobacco, such as a ban on advertising, no sale to under-18s and a ban on their use in public spaces.
First marketed in China in 2004, the e-cigarette has a diode that heats up flavoured liquid, which often contains nicotine, into a vapour that is inhaled, much like traditional cigarettes but without the smoke.
The argument in favour of the devices is that they do not have the tar, ash and toxins found in conventional cigarettes.
However, recent research by Japanese scientists found that e-cigarettes contain up to 10 times the level of cancer-causing agents in regular tobacco such as formaldehyde and acetaldehyde.
A French consumer protection magazine last year said e-cigarettes are “not as harmless” as manufacturers make them out to be and can “contain potentially carcinogenic elements”.
“Electronic cigarettes are far from the harmless gadgets they’re sold as by manufacturers,” wrote the monthly magazine “60 Million Consumers”, following a study of some 10 reusable and disposable e-cigarette models.
“It’s not a reason to ban them, but to better control them,” said Thomas Laurenceau, chief editor of the magazine, which reports the findings of France’s national consumers' institute, the INC.
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)