France unveils €600m plan to placate farmers’ revolt
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The French government has unveiled a package worth more than 600 million euros for farmers, after days of protests that have blocked cities, roads and the popular Mont Saint-Michel tourist site.
Agriculture accounts for just two percent of French gross domestic product, but farming provides nearly one million jobs directly or indirectly and politicians pay close heed to the industry's mood.
Now many in this traditionally vocal sector say they are on the brink of bankruptcy due to falling prices and increased competition.
“We hear the anguish of the farmers,” said Prime Minister Manuel Valls on Wednesday as he unveiled measures designed to help a struggling industry and end days of angry protests.
"We have seen a fear of the future but also the desire to do a job that is more than a job: being a farmer means making a lot of sacrifices ... and contributing to the unique job of feeding the French people," Valls told reporters.
Valls said the government would waive around 100 million euros in taxes and set aside a further 500 million euros to give farmers more time to pay various debts and taxes.
In addition, France's public investment bank will guarantee 500 million euros in loans for farmers to ease their cashflow crisis.
In recent days, farmers have dumped manure in cities, blocked access to roads and motorways and hindered tourists from reaching Mont Saint-Michel in northern France, one of the country's most visited sites.
Overnight Tuesday, farmers briefly blocked the A1 motorway, a key artery between Paris and northern France, with around 500 tractors.
While the farmers' actions have grown more violent over the past few days, anger has been mounting since the beginning of the month, with around 12,000 farmers in total protesting across the country.
"There is a sort of exasperation and anger that has been rising for weeks. You can't say you weren't warned," said the head of the powerful FNSEA farmers' union, Xavier Beulin.
'Fighting for their lives'
Agriculture Minister Stéphane Le Foll has said around 10 percent of farms in France (approximately 22,000 operations) are on the brink of bankruptcy with a combined debt of 1.0 billion euros ($1.1 billion), according to the FNSEA.
A combination of changing dietary habits -- French consumers are eating less meat -- and foreign competition has driven down pork, beef and milk prices.
Farmers blame supermarkets, distributors and the food processing industry for keeping prices low.
Retailers and food industry chiefs promised to raise prices on meat and dairy after meeting farmers last month, but the farmers say price hikes in supermarkets have yet to filter down to them.
The dairy industry in particular has suffered a triple shock from the Russian embargo on Western products over the Ukraine crisis, a dip in Chinese demand and the end in April of European milk quotas.
According to recent figures from the French agriculture ministry, the price of milk bought from the producer plunged by 12 percent in May compared with the same month the previous year -- to 303 euros per 1,000 litres.
Meat producers have also been hit by the Russian embargo and are battling strong competition from neighbouring countries such as Spain, Germany and the Netherlands.
Valls has stressed that "the government cannot act alone". He called on "everyone to live up to their responsibilities", including retailers and the food processing industry.
Hollande has also insisted that consumers play their part, calling on them to "eat French-produced food as much as possible".
Speaking ahead of the government announcement, farming unions warned that they would step up their protests in the coming days.
Jean-Pierre Fleury, head of a union representing beef producers, said: "The farmers will not let up, for the simple reason they are fighting for their lives."
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)