Obama hails Ethiopia’s fight against Islamists, but urges democratic progress
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US President Barack Obama on Monday praised key African ally Ethiopia for its fight against Shebab militants in Somalia, but also challenged Addis Ababa on its democratic record.
Obama is on the first-ever trip by a US president to Africa's second most populous nation, a close strategic partner for Washington credited for beating back the Al-Qaeda-affiliated Islamists but a country also much criticised for its rights record.
"Part of the reasons we've seen this shrinkage of Shebab in East Africa is that we've had our regional teams," Obama said, referring to African Union and Somali government troops.
"We don't need to send our own Marines in to do the fighting: the Ethiopians are tough fighters," Obama said, adding: "We've got more work to do we have to now keep the pressure on."
The Shebab has in recent days lost two of its key strongholds following a major offensive by AU troops -- with Ethiopian troops and their local allies credited with doing much of the fighting. While the United States does not have boots on the ground, it carries out frequent drone strikes against Shebab leaders.
Speaking after talks with Ethiopian Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn, whose ruling party won 100 percent of seats in parliament two months ago, Obama gave the blunt message that the country -- while credited with strong economic growth -- needed to perform better on basic rights.
"There is still more work to do, and I think the prime minister is the first to admit there is still more to do," Obama said.
Rights groups have complained that Obama's visit to Addis Ababa could add credibility to a government they accuse of suppressing democratic rights -- including the jailing of journalists and critics -- with anti-terrorism legislation said to be used to stifle peaceful dissent.
"There are certain principles we think have to be upheld," Obama added. "Nobody questions our need to engage with large countries where we may have differences on these issues. We don't advance or improve these issues by staying away."
Hailemariam, however, pushed back against criticism his government has quashed opposition voices and suppressed press freedom.
"Our commitment to democracy is real and not skin deep," he insisted, adding that Ethiopia is a "fledgling democracy, we are coming out of centuries of undemocratic practices".
South Sudan peace, or else
The Ethiopian premier also said an independent press -- currently virtually non-existant -- was needed.
"For us it's very important to be criticised, because we also get feedback to correct our mistakes. Media is one of the institutions that have to be nurtured for democracy," Hailemariam said.
Obama flew into a rainy Addis Ababa late Sunday after a landmark trip to Kenya, his father's birthplace, where he spoke frankly on human rights and corruption.
Talks on Monday were held in Ethiopia's presidential palace, a sprawling compound in the heart of Addis Ababa, which still houses the country's unique black-maned Abyssinian lions in the grounds, once the symbol of the "Lion of Judah", former Emperor Haile Selassie.
Obama will also Monday hold talks with regional leaders on the 19-month-old civil war in South Sudan, attempting to build African support for decisive action against the country's leaders if they reject an ultimatum to end the carnage by August 17, a new deadline set by regional mediators.
Signalling a deeper commitment to ending violence that has killed tens of thousands of people and forced more than two million from their homes, Obama is expected to make the case for tougher sanctions and a possible arms embargo.
He also told reporters that it was now time for a "breakthrough" in peace efforts.
"The humanitarian situation is worsening," he said. "We don't have a lot of time. The conditions on the ground are getting much much worse."
South Sudan's rival leaders -- President Salva Kiir and rebel leader Riek Machar, who will not be at the meeting -- effectively face an ultimatum, a "final best offer," according to one senior administration official.
On Tuesday Obama will also become the first US president to address the African Union, the 54-member continental bloc, at its gleaming Chinese-built headquarters.
AU Commission chief Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma has hailed what she said will be a "historic visit" to boost ties.
While Kenya launched one of the biggest security operations ever seen in the capital Nairobi to host Obama from Friday evening to Sunday, the habitual reach of Ethiopia's powerful security forces meant there was little obvious extra fanfare ahead of his arrival in Addis Ababa.
Ethiopia has come far from the global headlines generated by the 1984 famine, experiencing near-double-digit economic growth and huge infrastructure investment that have made it one of Africa's top-performing economies and a magnet for foreign investment.
Obama praised its progress in having "lifted millions of people out poverty", but adding that "we have to keep moving on the progress that has been made."