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Turkey warns EU: no visa-free travel, no migrant deal

© AFP | German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu give a press conference after visiting the Nizip refugee camp on the Turkish-Syrian border, in Gaziantep on April 23, 2016.

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2016-04-24

Turkey stood its ground over the contentious issue of visa-free travel for its citizens on Saturday, warning German Chancellor Angela Merkel and top EU officials it would stop taking back migrants from Europe if the bloc failed to keep its word.

"The issue of the visa waiver is vital for Turkey," Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu said at a joint news conference with Merkel, European Council head Donald Tusk and European Commission Vice President Frans Timmermans.

The leaders were in southeast Turkey for a high-stakes visit aimed at boosting a controversial deal to return migrants arriving on Greek shores to Turkey.

Under the deal, which has been plagued by legal and moral concerns, the EU will give Turkey 6 billion euros ($6.7 billion) to help it cope with the 2.7 million refugees it is hosting.

If Ankara meets its side of the agreement, the European Commission has also promised to recommend next month that EU states approve visa-free travel for Turks.

But there has been growing unease in Europe over fears that humanitarian and security concerns are being fudged to fast-track Turkey's application.

Davutoglu said the key to tackling the migrant crisis lies in "closer cooperation, and for us part of that closer cooperation is the visa liberalisation...Those two go hand in hand."

Merkel replied that she "intends to fulfill the agreement, provided Turkey brings the results" to the table.

Re-admission deal at stake

The EU says Ankara must meet 72 conditions to earn the visa waiver. How many it has fulfilled so far is the subject of dispute.

“Last week Prime Minister Davutoglu said Turkey had met 61 of those criteria, but the same day an EU official told the European Parliament it had met only 35,” said FRANCE 24’s correspondent in Turkey, Jasper Mortimer.

“However, Turkey is determined to get its way on this issue,” Mortimer added.

Asked what Turkey would do if the EU tried to delay the visa part of the accord, Davutoglu told the news conference on Saturday that Ankara would stop taking back migrants.

"If that were to happen then the readmission agreement will also not enter into force," he said.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan had already warned at the start of the week that the deal would fall through if the EU did not come through on visas.

Some 325 migrants have been returned to Turkey from the Greek islands since the agreement came into force on March 20, mostly from Pakistan and Afghanistan.

The deal has reduced the number of people crossing from Turkey to Greece, though the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) has said the numbers are "once again ticking up", possibly as smugglers get more creative.

‘Example for the whole world’

Merkel and the EU officials had earlier visited the Nizip 2 camp near Gaziantep on the Turkish-Syrian border, where they spoke to some of the 5,000 people, including 1,900 children, who live in rows of white and beige prefabricated houses.

The European leaders were keen to show how funds are helping Turkey improve conditions for refugees – though critics have pointed out the majority live in poverty far from the official camps.

They inaugurated an EU-funded child protection centre, receiving gifts from children, and seemed keen to keep their ally in the migrant crisis sweet, with Tusk saying Turkey was "the best example for the whole world" on how to treat refugees.

Germany seeking safe zones in Syria near Turkish border

German Chancellor Angela Merkel said on Saturday she was pushing for the establishment of special security zones in Syria near the border with Turkey where refugees could find shelter.

"I have ... again demanded that we have zones where the ceasefire is particularly enforced and where a significant level of security can be guaranteed," Merkel said in the Turkish city of Gaziantep during a joint news conference with Turkish and EU officials.



Many in Europe had been watching closely to see if the delegation would take a stand against the deterioration of rights in Turkey.

But the leaders refused Saturday to be drawn, with Merkel saying simply that they had "talked frankly" about it.

Turkish scholars and journalists, who have criticised government policies on Kurds and Syria, are on trial accused of betraying the state in cases that have sounded alarm bells over growing restrictions on free speech under Erdogan.

Merkel has drawn heat for allowing a German comedian to be prosecuted for a crude poem about the Turkish leader.

She was taunted Friday by one of the reporters on trial, Can Dundar, editor-in-chief of an opposition newspaper, who wrote an open letter saying Germany was "on the wrong side" and asking: "Will you again pretend there is no repression here?"

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)

Date created : 2016-04-24


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