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Afghan Taliban appoint new leader, confirm Mansour’s death

AFP file photo | Taliban fighters

The Afghan Taliban confirmed on Wednesday that their former leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour was killed in a US drone strike last week and that they have appointed Mullah Haibatullah Akhundzada, one of the group’s key religious figures, as his successor.

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In a statement sent to media, the insurgent group said Akhundzada, one of two of Mansour’s deputies, was chosen at a meeting of Taliban leaders, which was believed to have been held in Pakistan.

"All the shura (leadership council) members have pledged allegiance to Sheikh Haibatullah in a safe place in Afghanistan," the statement said. "All people are required to obey the new Emir-al-Momineen (commander of the faithful)."

Mansour was killed in Pakistan on Saturday when his vehicle was struck by a US drone, an attack that is believed to be the first time a Taliban leader was killed in such a way inside Pakistani territory.

Pakistani authorities are believed to have given shelter and support to some Taliban leaders over the Afghan border. The insurgents have been fighting to overthrow the Kabul government since 2001, when their own Islamist regime was overthrown by the US invasion

Roll of the dice

The US and Afghan governments said Mansour had been an obstacle to a peace process that had ground to a halt when he refused to participate in peace talks earlier this year. Instead, he intensified the war in Afghanistan, now in its 15th year.

“The Americans are saying that by killing Mansour they want to push forward the peace negotiations, but we don’t know if this is going to work. Obama is rolling the dice,” said Wassim Nasr, FRANCE 24’s expert on jihadist movements.

Who is new Taliban chief Haibatullah Akhundzada?

Mansour had led the Taliban since last summer, when the death of the movement’s founder, the one-eyed Mullah Mohammad Omar became public. Mansour ran the movement in Mullah Omar’s name for more than two years. The revelation of Mullah Omar’s death and Mansour’s deception led to widespread mistrust, with some senior leaders leaving the group to set up their own factions.

Senior Taliban figures have said his death could strengthen the movement, as he was a divisive figure. The identity of his successor was expected to be an indication of the direction the insurgency would take, either toward peace or continued war.

Akhundzada is a religious scholar known for issuing public statements justifying the existence of the extremist Taliban, and their war against the Afghan government and foreign troops present in Afghanistan.

Akhundzada was named in a United Nations report last year as former chief of the sharia-based justice system under the Taliban's five-year rule over Afghanistan.

“He has the role of the most important religious figure of the Taliban today,” said Nasr.

Akhundzada’s views are regarded as hawkish, and he could be expected to continue in the aggressive footsteps of Mansour.

Headed by hardliners

Wednesday’s statement said two new deputies had also been appointed – both of whom had earlier been thought to be the main contenders for the top job. They are Sirajuddin Haqqani, leader of the feared Taliban-affiliated Haqqani Network insurgent group, and the son of Mullah Omar, Mullah Yaqoub.

The Taliban statement called on all Muslims to mourn Mansour for three days. It also attempted to calm any qualms among the rank and file by calling for unity and obedience to the new leader.

Nasr said the choices for Akhundzada’s deputies were significant.

“We are talking about hardliners,” he said, while noting that appointing Omar’s son as leader was “a sign” of an attempt to bring various Taliban factions together.

The Taliban statement called on all Muslims to mourn Mansour for three days. It also attempted to calm any qualms among the rank and file by calling for unity and obedience to the new leader.

(FRANCE 24 with AP and REUTERS)

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