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Norway plans to boost defences against ‘unpredictable’ Russia

© Laura Buckman, AFP | The Norwegian Armed Forces's first Lockheed Martin F-35A Lightning II is unveiled during the rollout celebration at Lockheed Martin production facility in Fort Worth, TX, on Tuesday, Sep. 22, 2015

Text by FRANCE 24

Latest update : 2016-06-18

Norway announced plans Friday for its biggest military upgrade effort since the end of the Cold War, to bolster its defences against an “increasingly unpredictable” Russia.

The Scandinavian country, a NATO member, plans new fighter jets and submarines to boost its ability to protect itself from its vast neighbour, with which it shares an Arctic border.

Over 20 years, Norway will boost its defence budget by 165 billion kroner (17.5 billion euros at the current exchange rate), according to details of a military programming law presented by the government.

But it is less than the 180 billion kroner sought last year by the armed forces chief Haakon Bruun-Hanssen.

“Unfortunately the geopolitical circumstances have changed significantly, in a bad way, in recent years,” Prime Minister Erna Solberg told a press conference in Oslo.

“We have an increasingly unpredictable neighbour to the east which is strengthening its military capacity, and showing willingness to use military force as a political tool,” she added.

The military programming law aims to upgrade the army both by maintaining existing resources and buying new equipment.

It foresees the purchase of 52 F-35 fighter jets and four submarines, as well as new naval surveillance planes to replace six ageing P-3 Orion aircraft.

The extra expenditure will bring Norway’s military budget toward the 2.0 percent of GDP goal fixed by NATO, while not reaching it.

Solberg said the country’s current military might “is not adapted to the geopolitical situation”, and described a “historic defence effort, the biggest since the end of the Cold War”.

Before the military plans can be implemented the rightwing government will have to get its proposals adopted in parliament, where it is a minority and could therefore have to make amendments.

Finland-Russia tensions increase

Finland, meanwhile, said Friday in a security outlook that it “cannot exclude” the use of military force against its territory by neighbouring Russia.

The country, which shares the European Union’s longest border with Russia, was attacked by its powerful neighbour during World War II but has tried to maintain friendly relations with Moscow ever since.

But tensions have grown around Finland, with Russian fighter jets buzzing around a US navy ship in the Baltic Sea in April and with NATO increasing its military presence and rehearsals in the area.

Finland has also gradually stepped up its cooperation with NATO after Russia seized and annexed Crimea in 2014 and became involved in an ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine.

Finland’s Foreign Minister Timo Soini said Russia’s actions constituted an “essential change” for Europe’s security.

“The security policy environment of Finland, a member of the western community, has transformed,” the ministry wrote in its report, citing “a more tense security situation in Europe and the Baltic Sea region”.

“The use or threat of military force against Finland cannot be excluded,” it added, although Soini stressed that Finland does not consider Russia to pose a threat “at the moment”.

Russia criticises ‘unilateral action’

“We make no secret of our negative attitude to the NATO policy of moving its military infrastructure closer to our border and involving other states in its military activities,” Russia’s foreign minister Sergei Lavrov told reporters on Soini’s recent visit to Moscow.

But Russian President Vladimir Putin struck a more conciliatory note at an economic forum in Russia Friday, saying that Russia doesn’t need a new Cold War and that the country’s policy is “aimed at cooperation and search for compromise”.

Putin criticised the West for ignoring Russia’s legitimate interests. He said there is no reason for NATO’s continued expansion, and noted that the US-led NATO missile defence plans pose a threat to Russia.

He said the missile defence program is continuing despite the disappearance of the Iranian nuclear threat, which had been named as the main motivation for the program.

Putin added that the Western policy of unilateral actions will undermine global stability. He called for searching for a balance of interests to strengthen international security.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP, AP)

Date created : 2016-06-18

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